Ethnopolitical Conflict and Politics of Identity in Latin America

Ethnopolitical Conflict and Politics of Identity in Latin America


Prokhorenko I.L.,

Dr. Sci. (Pol. Sci.), Leading Researcher, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), irinapr@imemo.ru


elibrary_id: 203298 |


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2016.04.04

For citation:

Prokhorenko I.L. Ethnopolitical Conflict and Politics of Identity in Latin America. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No. 4. P. 29-40. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2016.04.04



Abstract

Application of spatial-organizational approach in analysis of ethno-political conflict and identity politics in divided, plural, multiethnic and multiracial hybrid Latin American societies allows to consider ethno-political conflict as a multidimensional and multifaceted phenomenon, as well as to analyze identity politics as one of the priority areas of public domain in the context of globalization, struggle for global collective leadership of Latin America states and for global competitiveness. The Latin American political elites have been actively promoting racial mixing, mythologized ideas of national (civic) unity, racial and ethnic homogeneity, and preferred to prevent ethnic and racial distinctions from appearing in the political discourse and in the official documents. However, the problems of race and ethnicity are still present in the national discourse and in the regional politics. The analysis conducted in the categories of political space of various components of ethno-political conflict in the specific socio-cultural and historical conditions of Latin America allowed to identify the general and the particular in the processes of transformation of models of state-territorial structure of the region in the past three decades and in historical perspective, to classify internal and external factors of the development of various transnational political spaces that can alter the established political identities, as well as to promote the formation of new macro-political communities, to comprehend the undergoing processes of decentralization and federalization in many Latin American countries, aimed at strengthening civic nationalism in the context of regionalization on the American continent in general, change in configuration of the modern world order, to evaluate the experience of regional policy in these countries. 

Keywords
ethnopolitical conflict; civilian nation; nationalism; politics of identity; civilizational identity; postimperial identity; ibero-americanism; federalism; decentralization; regional integration; transnational spaces; spatial-organizational approach.


Content No. 4, 2016

See also:


Semenenko I.S.,
Dilemmas of national identity: political risks and social inputs. – Polis. Political Studies. 2009. No6

Prokhorenko I.L.,
Possibilities of Spatial Approach in Analysis of Ethnopolitical Conflicts. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No6

Semenenko I.S.,
Identity Politics and Identities in Politics: Interethnic Perspectives in a European Context. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No4

Semenenko I.S., Lapkin V.V., Pantin V.I.,
Identity in the system of coordinates of the world development. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No3

Semenenko I.S.,
Nationalism, Separatism, and Democracy. New Patterns of National Identity in “Old” Europe. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No5

 
 

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