The versatile triangle: EU relations with the USA and China

The versatile triangle:
EU relations with the USA and China

Arbatova N.K.,

Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia,

elibrary_id: 261811 | ORCID: 0000-0001-6640-4532 |

Article received: 2023.08.21. Accepted: 2023.09.21

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2023.06.07

For citation:

Arbatova N.K. The versatile triangle: EU relations with the USA and China. – Polis. Political Studies. 2023. No. 6. P. 83-99. (In Russ.). EDN: XXHFDK


Cooperation and competition between global and regional centers of power that seek to increase their influencer in order to more effectively realize national interests, are the natural state and essence of polycentricity of modern international relations. The course of the European Union towards strategic autonomy raises the question of its relations with two global centers of power – the United States, the EU’s most important ally, and China, its economic partner and competitor. Should the European Union become a full-fledged independent center, or should it play a supporting role of the most loyal ally of the other pole – the United States? This issue is at the heart of the modern EU strategy. The EU’s 2016 Global Security Strategy proclaims a common course for strategic autonomy, but leaves out the answer to this existential question, since the EU member States still fundamentally disagree on the ultimate goals of strategic independence.

European Union, USA, NATO, China, Russia, European security, Euro-Atlanticism crisis, strategic autonomy, polycentricity of international relations, European values, economic competition.


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Content No. 6, 2023

See also:

Arbatova N.K.,
EU Security: Micro-Aggression with Macro-Consequences. – Polis. Political Studies. 2021. No5

Arbatova N.K.,
Strategic Autonomy of the European Union: Reality or Good Intention?. – Polis. Political Studies. 2019. No6

Oznobishchev S.K.,
The new world and Russia NATO relations. – Polis. Political Studies. 2011. No3

Arbatova N.K.,
Climate threats – a new dimension of EU security. – Polis. Political Studies. 2022. No6

Neklyudov N.Y., Baykov A.A., Shchekin A.S.,
Crisis as practice: routinizing Russia – U.S. security rivalries. – Polis. Political Studies. 2023. No6



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