Formal and Informal Institutions in Defective Democracies (1)

Formal and Informal Institutions in Defective Democracies (1)

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2002.01.02

For citation:

Merkel B., Croissant A. Formal and Informal Institutions in Defective Democracies (1) . – Polis. Political Studies. 2002. No. 1. P. 6-17. (In Russ.).


In the article originally published: «Politische Vierteljahresschrift», 2000, Bd. 41, No.1, the authors set themselves the aim to fill in «blank spaces» in the study of the recent decades’ democratic transformations and to propose a theoretical concept that could help systematically discern new regimes from liberal constitutionally legal democracies. Accepting liberal democracy as the key concept, the authors single out defective democracy as a democratic regime subvariety which in its turn may be further subdivided into three types: excluding democracy, enclave democracy, and non-liberal one. The first part of the article, presented in this issue, contains detailed description of non-liberal democracy. Definitive indications of this type of defective democracy, as the authors demonstrate, are infringement of the principles of legal state, partial elimination of checks and balances, and restriction of civil rights and liberties.

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See also:

Sorokin K.E.,
Russia and the Play of Geopolitical Interests in the Great Ocean Area. – Polis. Political Studies. 1994. No4

Barsukova S.Yu.,
Problems of Refugees and Emergency Migrants in the Mirror of Ideologies. – Polis. Political Studies. 1999. No5

Pastukhov V.B.,
From Statehood to the State: Europe and Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 1994. No2

Laslo E. ,
Birth of a World - Birth of a Science - Birth of an Age. – Polis. Political Studies. 1993. No2

Pshizova S.N.,
Democracy and Political Market in a Comparative Perspective (II). – Polis. Political Studies. 2000. No3



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