Political Diffusions under the Conditions of a Spatially Mixed Regime: Institution-building and Election of City Mayors in Russia

Political Diffusions under the Conditions of a Spatially Mixed Regime:
Institution-building and Election of City Mayors in Russia


Gelman V.Ya.,

Cand. Sci. (Pol. Sci.), Prof., Faculty of Political Sciences and Sociology, European University at St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg, Russia, gelman@eu.spb.ru

Lankina T.V.



DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2007.06.09

For citation:

Gelman V.Ya., Lankina T.V. Political Diffusions under the Conditions of a Spatially Mixed Regime: Institution-building and Election of City Mayors in Russia . – Polis. Political Studies. 2007. No. 6. P. 86-109. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2007.06.09



Abstract

Why do some newly-established democratic institutions survive while others perish? The authors of the article turn to the problem of answering this question using the example of election of city mayors in Russia. They address themselves to the puzzle of the survival of the institution of elected city mayors despite the efforts of the national government to abolish it, as well as to that of the spatial/geographic variations in the relevant institutional choices by regional elites. Statistical analysis challenges predominant approaches to democratic institution-building. Instead, it finds diffusion theories to provide more appropriate explanatory frameworks. The analysis reveals two factors as central determinants of variable institutional outcomes: (1) support for the pro-government party and (2) European influences. The variable nature and scope of diffusion – hierarchical in the case of the pro-government party, and loosely networked in the case of European-influenced actors – creates pressures for contrasting institutional choices. The findings with regard to the spatially uneven and poly-nuclear nature of institutional influences challenge prevalent approaches to authoritarianism and democratic institution-building.

 


Content No. 6, 2007

See also:


Durdin D.M.,
The “Image” of a Political Leader and Possibilities of Changing It. – Polis. Political Studies. 2000. No2

Glubotzky A.Yu., Kynev A.V.,
The Party Component of the Russian Regions’ Legislative Assemblies. – Polis. Political Studies. 2003. No6

Podyachev K.V.,
The Institution of Citizens’ Addresses to Government Bodies and Transformation of the Russian Political System: Possibilities of Emergence of a New Channel of Political Influence. – Polis. Political Studies. 2007. No5

Tolpygo A.K.,
The Reds in the Ukraine. – Polis. Political Studies. 1999. No4

Liechtenstein A.V., Yargomskaya N.B.,
The Duverger Equilibrium as Checked under the Conditions of Limited Competition: the 2003 Duma Elections. – Polis. Political Studies. 2005. No1

 

   

Introducing an article



Polis. Political Studies
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Sakwa R.
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 The article text
 

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