Ethnopolitical and Ethnosocial Processes in Post-Soviet Countries (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine Cases)

Ethnopolitical and Ethnosocial Processes in Post-Soviet Countries (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine Cases)

Pantin V.I.,

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Head of Department, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Russian Academy of Sciences; Principal Researcher, Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia,

elibrary_id: 74145 | ORCID: |

Lapkin V.V.,

Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Leading Researcher, Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences, First Deputy Editor‑in‑Chief, Polis. Political Studies. Moscow, Russia,

elibrary_id: 43429 | ORCID: 0000-0002-0775-2630 | RESEARCHER_ID: AAB-9386-2021

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2015.05.07

For citation:

Pantin V.I., Lapkin V.V. Ethnopolitical and Ethnosocial Processes in Post-Soviet Countries (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine Cases). – Polis. Political Studies. 2015. No. 5. P. 75-93. (In Russ.).


Analyzed in the article are the key trends of ethnopolitical and ethnosocial development in the largest post-Soviet states – Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. The criteria and foundations of such comparative analysis are formulated and the main problems of nation building in post-Soviet states are shown. Special attention is paid to the relationship between ethnic and civic components of identity, as well as to the identity policy in every state in question. It is mentioned that the formation of civic identity and civil society in post-Soviet countries is a very difficult process. To a large extent these difficulties are caused by the unfinished processes of nation-building and by the ineffective political and economic institutions. It is demonstrated that situation in the field of interethnic relations and in the sphere of national identity is quite different in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. The consolidation of polyethnic nation and the formation of civic identity in Russian Federation is a rather slow process; however, the country possesses important long-term traditions of identity policy and interethnic conflicts regulation. In Belarus, the Soviet identity dominated in the 1990’s and the 2000’s, while nowadays the new generation wishes to form its own national identity. President Nazarbayev in Kazakhstan tries to shape a complex identity in order to stabilize the social and political situation. This complex identity includes ethnic, national and supranational (so-called Eurasian) components. It is concluded that the experience of formation of such complex identity is useful for Russia and other post-Soviet states. Just the opposite, the social and cultural situation in Ukraine is very difficult: the country undergoes a serious social and ethnic polarization, which invokes political confrontation. These processes result in the crisis of Ukrainian statehood and in different social, political and interethnic conflicts.

ethnopolitical processes; interethnic relations; comparative analysis; identity; post-Soviet states; Russia; Belarus; Kazakhstan; Ukraine.

Content No. 5, 2015

See also:

Lapkin V.V.,
Problems of Nation Building in Multi-ethnic Post-Soviet Societies: Ukrainian Case in Comparative Perspective. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No4

Podolianskaya A.O.,
Ethno-political transformation of Belarus and of Ukraine through migration trends. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No2

Vendina O.I., Kolosov V.A., Popov F.A., Sebentzov A.B.,
Ukraine in the political crisis: the image of Russia as catalyst of contradictions. – Polis. Political Studies. 2014. No5

Turchenkov D.I., Nemirovsky D.E.,
Inter-Ethic Relations in Northern Bukovina. – Polis. Political Studies. 1994. No2

Dragunsky D.V.,
Ethno-Political Processes in the Post-Soviet Area and the Reconstruction of Northern Eurasia. – Polis. Political Studies. 1995. No3

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