The Anthropological Aspect of Global Education Models:
Problems and Solutions
Dr. Sci. (Philos,), Professor, Department of World Political Process, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), MFA of Russia, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
elibrary_id: 624018 |
Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Head of the Department of Philosophy, MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
elibrary_id: 435308 | ORCID: 0000-0002-9246-6339 | RESEARCHER_ID: G-8008-2016
The article highlights the axiological and anthropological challenges facing the modern education system in the light of globalization. The socio-political consequences of this phenomenon have been closely intertwined with the process of transformation of modern educational models. Moreover, in this case the most important task was the search for socio-economic and political solutions related to the prospects for modernization based on the real social and cultural conditions on the ground. This, in its turn, raises the issue of modernization of national education systems in the context of philosophical anthropology and philosophy of politics. The urgency of addressing the topic of the anthropological aspect of the modernization of education is also determined by the need to study the value kernel of the changes that the educational environment undergoes in the dynamic interaction of global and national educational principles. The problem of clarifying the identification programs corresponding to these changes is complemented by the task of finding a mechanism for managing these data by processes. The given large-scale contradictions cannot be resolved without taking into account the universal foundations of culture as well as those cultural constants that exist in the space of each of the unique cultures. Accordingly, the concretization of these or other projects requires a more profound study of the regional context including the priority of national interests while respecting their optimal balance with the interests of the mankind. Since the process of modernization of the existing education systems is based on their value reorientation and on a new understanding of the anthropological content of the global culture, it is appropriate to clarify its scope. According to the authors, they are determined by the need for competitive creative individuals. And only then, if possible, by the need to develop the creative potential of the individual, the desire to achieve her material wealth, spiritual growth, and so on. Therefore, analyzing globalization as an objective process, it also makes sense to take into account the ideology of globalization, promotion of so-called “global values” and “a new understanding of a man” as means of changing goal-setting in favor of specific actors within the political process.
Anderson B. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London. New York: Verso. 1983. 160 p.
Bauman Z. Globalization: The Human Consequences [Russ. ed.: Bauman Z. Globalizatsiya. Posledstviya dlya cheloveka i obshchestva. Moscow: Ves’ Mir. 2004. 188 p.)
Bennett M.J. The Value of Cultural Diversity: Rhetoric and Reality Reflections on the End of Relativism. 2016. URL: http://www.idrinstitute.org/allegati/IDRI_t_Pubblicazioni/90/FILE_Documento_Value_of_Diversity_rev.pdf (accessed 01.05.2017)
Blinov A.N., Konnov V.I. Science Support Funds in Scientific Research Complexes: Advantages and Limits. – Vestnik Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii nauk. 2016. Vol. 86. No. 10. P. 873-882. (In Russ.)
Butler J. Undoing Gender. New York: Routledge. 2004. 274 р.
Chinnammai S. Effects of Globalization on Education and Culture. ICDE International Conference, New Delhi, 19-23 November 2005.
Chomsky N. Government in the Future. (Russ. ed.: Chomsky N. Gosudarstvo budushchego. Moscow. Alpina Non-Fiction. 2012. 104 p.)
de Martino M. Globalization, Europeanization and Internationalization in the System of Higher Education: The Case of Italy. – Human. Community. Management. 2014. No. 3. P. 83-95. (In Russ.)
Dvorzhak V. The Role of Education and Science under Globalization. – Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Management. 2002. No. 2. P. 123-127.
Fukuyama F. Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution. (Russ. ed.: Fukuyama F. Nashe postchelovecheskoe budushchee: Posledstviya biotekhnologicheskoi revolyutsii. Moscow: AST; LYuKS. 349 p.)
Gershunskii B.S. Filosofiya obrazovaniya dlya XXI veka [Philosophy of Education in XXI Century]. Moscow: Moskovskii psikhologo-sotsial’nyi institute. 1998. 432 p. (In Russ.)
Glagolev V.S. Student rossiiskogo vuza kak fenomen obrazovatel’nykh usilii [Russian University Student as Phenomenon of Educational Efforts]. – Obrazovanie kak edinstvo obucheniya i vospitaniya. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-metodicheskoi konferentsii [Education as a Unity of Training and Guidance. Conference Materials]. Novosibirsk: Sibirskii gosudarstvennyi universitet putei soobshcheniya. 2016. P. 30-38. (In Russ.)
Glagolev V.S. Ethical Culture in Science – Model of Creativity Formation for International Relations Students. – Vestnik MGIMO-University. 2015. No. 3. Vol. 42. P. 269-271. (In Russ.)
Huerta de Soto J. A Libertarian Theory of Free Immigration. – Journal of Libertarian Studies. 1998. Vol. 13. No. 2. P. 187-197.
Jaspers K. The Idea of the University. (Russ. ed.: Jaspers K. Ideya universiteta. Minsk: BGU. 2006. 159 p.)
Knežević V.D., Bratina B.R. Is Milton Bennett’s Model of inter Cultural Sensitivity Really inter Cultural? – Concept: Philosophy, Religion, Culture. 2017. Vol. 2. No. 2. P. 20-26.
Kochergin A.N. University and Globalization: Integration of Challenges of Modernity or Its Destruction? – Alma mater. 2012. No. 11. P. 22-26. (In Russ.)
Kurdyumova I.M. Global Education: New Educational Discipline in the Foreign Middle School. – Problems of Modern Education. 2010. No. 5. P. 61-67. (In Russ.)
Kuznetsov E.A. International Globalization and Higher Education. – Vestnik KazNPU im. Abaya. Seriya “Mezhdunarodnaya zhizn’ i politika”. 2011. P. 3-6. (In Russ.)
Lebedeva M.M. The Social and Humanitarian Dimension of International Relations in the APR. – International Trends. Vol. 11. No. 32. P. 4-12. (In Russ.)
Lekatsa A.N., Arutyunov E.K., Sveridenko V.G. The Formation of a Personality under Globalization. – International Journal of Experimental Education. 2014. No. 10. P. 159-161. (In Russ.)
Loshkariov I.D. Resources of Ethnic Lobbying in US Foreign Policy: Theoretical Aspects. – Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. 2017. Vol. 61. No. 3. P. 76-83. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-3-76-83
Loshkariov I.D., Sushentsov А.А. Radicalization of Russians in Ukraine: from ‘Accidental’ Diaspora to Rebel Movement. – Southeast European and Black Sea Studies. 2016. Vol. 16. No. 1. P. 71-90.
Mamut L.S. The State under Globalization. – Law and Politics. 2004. No. 1. P. 4-13. (In Russ.)
Mukhlynkina Yu.V. Ethnic Identity in the Epoch of Globalization. – The Bulletin of the Moscow state University of culture and arts. 2008. No. 6. P. 92-95. (In Russ.)
Nozick R. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books. 1974. 334 p.
Panarin A.S. Pravoslavnaya tsivilizatsiya v global’nom mire [The Othodox Civilization in the Global World]. Moscow: Algoritm. 496 p. (In Russ.)
Podoprigora A.S. Razvitie cheloveka v usloviyakh globalizatsii obshchestva: sotsial’no-filosofskii analiz. Avtoref. dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni kand.filos.nauk [The Development of a Human Being Under Social Globalization: Social and Philosophical Analysis]. PhD in Philosophy thesis. Rostov-na-Donu: Donskoi gosudarstvennyi tekhnicheskii universitet. 2009. 27 p. (In Russ.).
Ponarina N.N. A Modern Person Facing the Challenges of Globalization. – Historical and Social-educational Ideas. 2010. Vol. 4. No. 6. P. 29-35. (In Russ.).
Ponarina N.N. Globalization of Higher Education and Issues of Educational Systems Internationalization. – Society: Sociology, Psychology, Pedagogics. 2012. No. 1. P. 17-20. (In Russ.).
Rudenko V.A. Globalization of Education and a Problem of Keeping National Cultural Values. – Humanities, Social-economic and Social Sciences. 2006. No. 5. P. 57-60. (In Russ.)
Rusanov D.V. Globalizatsiya kak trigger razvitiya sovremennogo vysshego obrazovaniya: sotsiologicheskii aspect. Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni kand. sots. Nauk [Globalization as a Trigger of Modern Higher Education: Sociological Aspect]. PhD in Social Science thesis. Tambov: Tambovskii gosudarstvennyi universitet im. G.R. Derzhavina. 2009. 22 p. (In Russ.).
Sardaryan G.T. On Political Ethics and Global Democratic Development. – Politics and Society. 2014. No. 10. P. 1212-1218. (In Russ.)
Scott P. Globalisation and Higher Education: Challenges for the 21st century. – Journal of Studies in International Education. 2000. Vol. 4. No. 1. P. 3-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/102831530000400102
Sharygin I.F. Education and Globalization. – Novyj Mir. 2004. Vol. 10. P. 110-125. (In Russ.).
Shestopal A.V., Konnov V.I. Practical Epistemology: The Role of Peer Review in Organizing Scientific Research. – Vestnik MGIMO-University. 2014. No. 1. P. 198-207. (In Russ.)
Silantyeva M.V. New Principles of the “Philosophy of Frontier” in the Global World: De-Sovereignization or “Post-Sovereignization”? – Polis. Political Studies. 2014. No. 3. P. 8-26 (In Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2014.03.02
Silantyeva M.V. Problem of “Cultural Borders” in Modern World: Value Perspective. – Vestnik MGIMO-University. 2014. Vol. 2. No. 35. P. 235-239. (In Russ.).
Slobodchikov V.I., Zverev S.M., Shein A.V. Professional Education under Modernization. – Psychology of Education. 2013. No. 11. P. 5-19. (In Russ.).
Slobodchikov V.I., Zverev S.M. Klyuchevye kategorii myshleniya professional’nogo pedagoga. Vvedenie v antropologiyu obrazovaniya [Key Notions of Professional Educator’s Thinking]. Moscow: Sputnik+. 2013. 105 p. (In Russ.)
Snegovaya O.A. Globalizatsiya kak sotsiokul’turnyi protsess. Avtoref. dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni kand. filos. nauk [Globalization as Social and Cultural Process]. PhD in Philosophy thesis. Rostov-na-Donu: VGOU VPO “Yuzhnyi Federal’nyi universitet”. 2007. 22 p. (In Russ.).
Storublevtseva D.A. The Subject of Cultural Policy under Globalization of Modern Social and Cultural Space. – The Bulletin of the Moscow state University of culture and arts. 2013. Vol. 3. No. 53. P. 39-44. (In Russ.)
Terin V.P. Politics under Electronic Simultaneity. – Vestnik MGIMO-University. 2014. No. 1. P. 37-44. (In Russ.).
Torkunov A.V. Pedagogics and Getting Foreign Affairs Specialists Prepared. – Vestnik MGIMO-University. 2013. Vol. 1. No. 28. P. 7-8. (In Russ.)
Torkunov A.V. Po doroge v budushchee-2 [On the Way to the Future-2]. Moscow: Aspect Press. 550 p. (In Russ.)
Vaskevich T.V. The Dispute of Educational Systems: Is the Compromise Possible? The Anthropological Mission of Education. – Pedagogika i prosveshchenie. 2016. No. 4. P. 353-362. (In Russ.)
Vukichevich S. Globalization. The Nature of Man and the Nature of Human Community. – Moscow State University Bulletin. Series 18. Sociology and Political Science. 2012. No. 1. P. 33-52. (In Russ.)
Young I.M. Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton University Press. 1990. 286 р.
Zhdanova N.G. “Globalization” in Socio-philosophic Studies. – Journal of Siberian Medical Sciences. 2009. No. 3. (In Russ.). URL: http://ngmu.ru/cozo/mos/article/text_full.php?id=356 (accessed 09.10.2017).
Voevoda E.V., Belogurov A.Yu.,
Axiology of Education in the Discourse of Contemporary Policy. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No6
Communicative Nature of Values and Their Transformation in Mass Media.. – Polis. Political Studies. 2008. No1
Education in the modern political agenda. – Polis. Political Studies. 2015. No1
Round Table of the «Polis» Journal, Afontzev S.A., Segbers K., Ilyin M.V., Kulagin V.M., Lebedeva M.M., Rykhtik M.I., Solovyov A.I., Feldman D.M., Tzygankov A.P., Tzygankov P.A.,
World Politics: Agenda for Tomorrow (Virtual Round Table). – Polis. Political Studies. 2005. No4
Rethinking Modernity (Materials of an International Scientific Conference) (II). – Polis. Political Studies. 2003. No3