Cultural Diversity and the Destiny of Nations
Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Head of Section of Economic and Social Development and Migration Processes, Center for Comparative Socio-economic and Political Studies, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, firstname.lastname@example.org
elibrary_id: 72045 | ORCID: 0000-0001-6065-790X | RESEARCHER_ID: B-1993-2017
The reviewed collective study “Cultural Complexity of Modern Nations” is devoted to the actual issues of nation and state building. These problems are considered within two frameworks of the world complexity: internal cultural identity diversity of the inhabitants of modern nation-states and plurality of country cultural patterns of these states at their different historical stages. Pluralism and multivariance of the modern world development have prompted the authors of this work to develop new conceptual approaches to the categorization of this world and to consider social processes within new analytical reference systems. Researchers are expanding the notion of diversity, making it even more versatile and accentuating its style difference component. Multiculturalism as a model of management of cultural differences in the “old” nations is presented in different guises – not only as a collapsed European integration project. This approach shows viability on the Australian continent. And according to Berlin example, many successes are on account of the successor of such policies, interculturalism, at the local level. The authors realize a fruitful “revision” of the used category of the nation, to which a plural meaning is attached. They demonstrate a transient nature, socio-political and regional specificity of this phenomenon, multiplicity of forms of nation and state formations. Hybrid, centaur-like type of new collectivities that emerged in the postcolonial period, is generated by their borrowing political institutions and norms of Western societies and the imposition of foreign models into inappropriate social and cultural environment. Pondering over the destiny of nations in the world, which is becoming postnational, the authors raise the possibility of the formation of post-national states. Probably one of the characteristics such social coalitions will be the abandonment of national sovereignty as the main attribute of the state in favor of trans-state institutions of governance. Their modern examples are transnational unions, cross-border religious communities as a kind of nation-community, created on the basis of faith.
Epshtein M.N. Transkul’tura i transtsendentsiy [Transculture and Transcendence]. – Tol’ko unikal’noe global’no: Lichnost’ i Upravlenie. Kul’tura i Obrazovanie [Only the Unique One Is Global: Personality and Management. Culture and Education]. Saint Petersburg: SPbGUKI. 2007. P. 90-102. (In Russ.)
Kul’turnaya slozhnost’ sovremennykh natsii. Otv. red. V.A. Tishkov, E.I.Filippova; Institut etnologii i antropologii im. N.N. Miklukho-Maklaya RAN [The Cultural Complexity of Modern Nations. Ed. by V.A. Tishkov, E.I.Filippova, N.N. Miklouho-Maklay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, RAS]. Moscow: Politicheskaya entsiklopediya. 2016. 384 p. (In Russ.)
Malakhov V.C. Kul’turnye razlichiya i politicheskie granitsy v epokhu global’nykh migratsii [Cultural Difference and Political Borders in the Age of Global Migrations]. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie. 2014. 232 p. (in Russ.)
Mir 2035. Global‘nyi prognoz. Pod red. A.A. Dynkina; IMEMO im. E.M. Primakova RAN [World 2035. Global Forecast]. Moscow: Magistr. 2016. 352 p. (In Russ.)
Rouble B. Creating Diversity Capital: Transnational Migrants in Montreal, Washington and Kyiv. Washington: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. 2005. 267 p.
Semenenko I.S., Lapkin V.V., Bardin A.L., Pantin V.I. Between the State and the Nation: Dilemmas of Identity Policy in Post-Soviet Societies. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No. 5. P. 54-78. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2017.05.05
The Economics of Cultural Diversity. Ed. by P. Nijkamp, J. Poot, J. Bakens. Сheltenham: Elgar Publishing. 2015. 465 p.
Tlostanova M.V. Ot filosofii mul’tikul’turalizma k filosofii transkul’turatsii [From Philosophy of Multiculturalism Towards Philosophy of Transculturation]. Moscow: RUDN. 2008. 251 p. (In Russ.)
Tsapenko I.P. An Intercultural Program of Migrant Integration. – Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2017. No. 5. Р. 454-463. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.1134/S1019331617050094
Vertovec S. Super-Diversity and Its Implications. – Ethnic and Racial Studies. 2007. Vol. 30. No. 6. P. 1024-1054. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870701599465
Zachary G. The Diversity Advantage: Multicultural Identity in the New World Economy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 2003. 352 р.
De Vreede E.,
Culture, civilization and identity. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No5
On principal actors of civilizational dialogue. Cultural and language diversity of modern nations. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No5
Ongoing plebiscite. Genetics of civil society. – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No2
Dilemmas of national identity: political risks and social inputs. – Polis. Political Studies. 2009. No6
Russian Identity: Discussions in the Political Space and Dynamics of Mass Consciousness. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No5