Intercultural Policies and Practices: Perspectives for Implementation in Russia

Intercultural Policies and Practices:
Perspectives for Implementation in Russia

Pain E.A.,

Research Professor, National Research University Higher School of Economics,

elibrary_id: 137227 |

Fediunin S.Yu.,

Ph.D. Candidate, Center for European and Eurasian Studies, National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations (INALCO),

elibrary_id: 980779 |

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2020.01.09
Rubric: Russia Today

For citation:

Pain E.A., Fediunin S.Yu. Intercultural Policies and Practices: Perspectives for Implementation in Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No. 1. P. 114-134. (In Russ.).

This article was prepared with the support of the Russian Science Foundation, the project No. 15-18-00064.


The paradigm of multiculturalism, which had been largely recognised by both academic and political circles in the last third of the 20th century, is in crisis and requires either rethinking or replacement by another model; this could combine the virtues of multiculturalism in supporting cultural diversity with the need to consolidate society. The article analyzes the advantages of a new paradigm of diversity management known as “interculturalism”, and provides an overview of intercultural policies and practices through the example of the province of Québec and the Council of Europe’s Intercultural cities program. The article focuses primarily on the possibility of implementing the latter model in Russia in order to regulate Ethnopolitical relations. It is argued that the conception of the Russian “nationalities policy” could benefit from the including elements of the concepts and methodologies of intercultural policies and practices. Although the article highlights the existing limits in regard to the application of interculturalism in the Russian context, it also points to the substantial convergence of ethnopolitical trends in Russia and other Global North countries. The present article draws on the results of the research project “New approaches and methods of regulation of ethnopolitical relations on the territory of the largest urban agglomerations of Russia”, and particularly on the sociological data from three Russian million-cities (Perm, Rostov-on-Don and Ufa). Each case is scrutinized with regard to practices of mutual accommodation deployed by different ethnic communities. 

multiculturalism, interculturalism, nationalities policy, diversity management, accommodation, intercultural cities.


Amselle J.-L. 2011. L’ethnicisation de la France. Paris: Nouvelles editions Lignes. 136 p.

Bouchard G. 2011. What Is Interculturalism? – McGill Law Journal. Vol. 52. No. 2. P. 235-488.

Bouchard G., Taylor C. 2008. Building the Future: A Time for Reconciliation. Report of the Consultation Commission on Accommodation Practices Related to Cultural Differences. Quebec: Gouvernement du Quebec. 307 p.

Comaroff J.L., Comaroff J. 2009. Ethnicity, Inc. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 234 p.

Guilluy C. 2016. Le Crepuscule de la France d’en haut. Paris: Flammarion. 272 p.

Interculturalism: Europe and Its Muslims in Search of Sound Societal Models. 2011. Ed. by M. Emerson. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies. 184 p.

Kymlicka W. 2012. Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and the Future. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute. 32 p.

Kymlicka W. 2016. Defending Diversity in an Era of Populism: Multiculturalism and Interculturalism Compared. – Multiculturalism and Interculturalism: Debating the Dividing Lines. Ed. by N. Meer, T. Modood, R. Zapata-Barrero. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. P. 158-177.

Meer N., Modood T. 2012. How does Interculturalism Contrast with Multiculturalism? – Journal of Intercultural Studies. Vol. 33. No. 2. P. 175-196.

Meissner F., Vertovec S. 2015. Comparing Super-Diversity. – Ethnic and Racial Studies. Vol. 38. No. 4. P. 541-555.

Modood T. 2014. Multiculturalism, Interculturalisms and the Majority. – Journal of Moral Education. Vol. 43. No. 3. P. 302-315.

Taguieff P.-A. 2015. La revanche du nationalisme: neopopulistes et xenophobes a l’assaut de l’Europe. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 324 p.

Taylor C. 1994. The Politics of Recognition. – Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Ed. by A. Gutmann. Princeton: Princeton University Press. P. 25-73.

Wieviorka M. 2008. La Diversite. Rapport a la Ministre de l’Enseignement superieur et de la Recherche. Paris: Robert Laffont. 229 p.

Zapata-Barrero R. 2017. Interculturalism in the Post-Multicultural Debate: A Defense. – Comparative Migration Studies. No. 5. Article 14.


Drobizheva L.M. 2013. The Russian Civic Identity: Factors of Integration and Problems of Evolution. – Sociologicheskaja nauka i social’naja praktika. No. 1. P. 74-84. (In Russ.)

Drobizheva L.M. 2014. State and Civil Identity and Interethnic Accord: Theoretical and Practical Social Problems. – Vlast’. Vol. 22. No. 11. P. 12-16. (In Russ.) URL: 29.11.2019).

Drobizheva L.M. 2018. Russian Identity: Discussions in the Political Space and Dynamics of Mass Consciousness. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 5. P. 100-115. (In Russ.)

Fediunin S.Y. 2013. The World after Multiculturalism: Scientific Breakthroughs and Political Deadlocks. – Bulletin of the Kennan Institute in Russia. No. 23. P. 66-76. (In Russ.)

Filippova E.I. 2014. Multiculturalism as a Policy and as a Figure of Speech. – Vestnik rossyskoy natsii. No. 2. P. 127-137. (In Russ.)

Mukomel V.I. 2016. Integration Problems of Internal Ethnic Migrant Workers. – Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 5. P. 69-79. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 29.11.2019).

Obshchestvennoe mnenie 2018: Yezhegodnik [Public Opinion – 2018. A Yearbook]. 2019. Moscow: Levada Center. 168 p. (In Russ.)

Osipov A.G. 2012. Chto takoe etnicheskaya diskriminatsiya i chto s nei mozhno sdelat’? [What is Ethnic Discrimination and What Can Be Done with It?]. Moscow: SOVA Center. 152 p. (In Russ.)

Pain E.A. 2004. Etnopoliticheskii mayatnik. Dinamika i mekhanizmy etnopoliticheskikh protsessov v postsovetskoi Rossii [Ethnopolitical Pendulum. Dynamics and Mechanisms of Ethno-Political Processes in Post-Soviet Russia]. Moscow: Institute of Sociology RAS. 328 p. (In Russ.)

Pain E.A. 2017. Cultural Diversity Management: Historical Models and Modern Practice in the Sphere of Ethnopolitical Regulation. – Public Administration Issues. No. 4. P. 77-102. (In Russ.)

Pain E.A. 2018. Dynamics of Xenophobia in the Era of Populism: A Macrosociological Perspective. – Vestnik obshchestvennogo mneniya. No. 3-4. P. 17-32. (In Russ.)

Pain E.A., Fediunin S.Yu. 2018. Nation and Democracy. Article 2. The Illusion of a post-National World and the Crisis in Western Democracies. – Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost’. No. 1. P. 82-99. (In Russ.)

Ruble B.A. 2004. Second Metropolis. Pragmatic Pluralism in Gilded Age Chicago, Silver Age Moscow, and Meiji Osaka. (Russ. ed.: Ruble B.A. Strategiya bol’shogo goroda. Pragmaticheskii plyuralizm v Chikago “pozolochennogo veka”, Moskve serebryanogo veka i Osake epokhi Meidzi. Moscow: Moskovskaya Shkola Politicheskii Issledovanii. 456 p.).

Ruble B.A. 2012. Urban Diversity in an Age of Large-Scale Migration. (Russ. ed.: Ruble B.A. Gorodskoe raznoobrazie v epokhu masshtabnykh migratsii. – Bulletin of the Kennan Institute in Russia. No. 21. P. 36-44.)

Shkaratan O.I. 2009. Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskoe neravenstvo i ego vosproizvodstvo v sovremennoi Rossii [Socio-Economic Inequality and Its Reproduction in Contemporary Russia]. Moscow: OLMA Media Group. 556 p. (In Russ.)

Sigarev A.V. 2012. Public Hearings: Typical Problems of Municipal-legal Regulation. – Rossyskaya yustitsiya. No. 4. P. 70-72. (In Russ.)

Tishkov V.A. 2018. Strategiya gosudarstvennoi natsional’noi politiki. Istoriya diskursa [The Strategy of the State’s Nationalities Policy. A History of the Discourse]. – Fenomen etnicheskogo konflikta: mezhdistsiplinarnyi podkhod i obshchestvennye praktiki. Opyt preduprezhdeniya i uregulirovaniya konfliktov. Red. Tishkov V.A., Stepanov V.V. [The Ethnic Conflict: An Interdisciplinary Approach and Social Practices. Lessons of Conflict Prevention and Resolution. Ed. by V. Tishkov, V. Stepanov]. Moscow: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS. P. 11-26. (In Russ.)

Titkov A. 2016. The Democracy Index for Russian Regions: Dynamics from 1990s to 2010s. – Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Politologiya. No. 2. P. 81-104. (In Russ.)

Tsapenko I. 2018. The Course on Interculturalism. – Integration of Migrants with Different Cultural Background: Prospects of Interculturalism. Ed. by I. Tsapenko, I. Grishin. Moscow: IMEMO. P. 102-121. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 29.11.2019).

Vendina O.I., Pain E.A. 2018. Mnogoetnichnyi gorod. Problemy i perspektivy upravleniya kul’turnym raznoobraziem v krupneishikh gorodakh [The Multiethnic City. Problems and Perspectives for Diversity Management in the Biggest Cities]. Moscow: Sektor. 184 p. (In Russ.)

Yudina T. 2014. Adaptation and Integration Contracts: The Experience of Immigration Countries for Russia. – Altai School of Political Studies. 14.08. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 22.05.2019). 

Content No. 1, 2020

See also:

Samarkina I.V., Bashmakov I.S.,
Local Identity and Mechanisms of its Conversion into Constructive Socio-Political Practices of Youth. – Polis. Political Studies. 2021. No2

Ponamaryova A.M., Tatuntz S.A.,
Immigration as problem of national security of the RF. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No4

Ratz M.V.,
Policy, management, power: a conceptual project of the system of (the state’s) organizational/managerial activities. – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No2

Nisnevich Yu.A., Khakhunova A.K.,
Methodology of Comparative Analysis and Classification of Public Administration Systems. – Polis. Political Studies. 2015. No4

Sheynis V.L.,
Russia’s national security. durability trial. Part II. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No1



Introducing an article

Polis. Political Studies
3 2004

Inozemtzev V.L.
Old Contradictions of the “New” Imperialism

 The article text


   2023      2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991