What is Democracy and How It Can Be Measured?

What is Democracy and How It Can Be Measured?

Chvorostov A.V.,

Head, Center for Comparative Eurasia Studies and Surveys (CEASS-Center), chvorostov@gmail.com

elibrary_id: 30235113 | ORCID: 0000-0001-9720-316X | RESEARCHER_ID: C-4898-2017

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2020.03.12

For citation:

Chvorostov A.V. What is Democracy and How It Can Be Measured? – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No. 3. P. 169-180. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2020.03.12


This review is dedicated to an analysis of the contemporary political science literature that combines theoretical conceptualizing and an empirical approach to the analysis of modern societies. The focus of its attention is the review of the book “Global Quality of Democracy as Innovation Enabler: Measuring Democracy for Success” by David Campbell, published in 2019 by Palgrave Macmillan. The author summarizes Campbell’s general conceptual approach to understanding democracy as a consistently self-organizing and multi-level system, and gives his interpretation of the qualitative levels of democracy. Main attention is paid to consideration of the model of empirical analysis developed by the author of the key parameters of the development and functioning of modern societies in the framework of the global comparative analysis of 160 countries. Some analysis results are also presented in relation to certain regions and countries of the world (OECD, EU, BRIC, etc.). The article ends with a section containing some criticisms and comments by the reviewer regarding the terminology used and the degree of validity of the proposed method in historical perspective. 

democracy and democratization, measuring the qualities of democracy, comparative crosscountry and regional analysis, innovations, social progress.


Carayannis E.G., Campbell D.F.J. 2012. Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innovation Systems: 21st-Century Democracy, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship for Development. New York, NY: Springer New York. https://www.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-2062-0

Campbell D.F.J. 2019. Global Quality of Democracy as Innovation Enabler: Measuring Democracy for Success. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72529-1

Geissel B., Kneuer M., Lauth H.-J. 2016. Measuring the Quality of Democracy: Introduction. – International Political Science Review. Vol. 37. No. 5. P. 571-579. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192512116669141

Inglehart R., Welzel C. 2005. Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: the Human Development Sequence. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Knowledge Democracy: Consequences for Science, Politics, and Media. 2010. Ed. by Roel In ‘t Veld. New York: Springer.

Lauth H.-J. 2016. The Internal Relationships of the Dimensions of Democracy: The Relevance of Trade-Offs for Measuring the Quality of Democracy. – International Political Science Review. Vol. 37. No. 5. P. 606-617. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192512116667630

Melville A., Ilyin M., Meleshkina E., Mironyuk M., Polunin Y., Timofeev I., Vaslavskiy Y. 2010. Political Atlas of the Modern World: an Experiment in Multidimensional Statistical Analysis of the Political Systems of Modern States. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell.  

Content No. 3, 2020

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Sergeev V.M.,
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