Global Dynamics of Political Institutions in the Context of the Destabilizing World Order (cases of the EU and Russia)

Global Dynamics of Political Institutions in the Context of the Destabilizing World Order (cases of the EU and Russia)

Lapkin V.V.,

Leading Researcher, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences,

elibrary_id: 43429 | ORCID: 0000-0002-0775-2630 | RESEARCHER_ID: AAB-9386-2021

Pantin V.I.,

Head of Department, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences,

elibrary_id: 74145 | ORCID: |

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2020.04.05

For citation:

Lapkin V.V., Pantin V.I. Global Dynamics of Political Institutions in the Context of the Destabilizing World Order (cases of the EU and Russia). – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No. 4. P. 55-77. (In Russ.).


The article analyzes how global socio-political destabilization manifests itself, and how this is associated with the growing inefficiency of many international institutions due to an increasingly dysfunctional “unipolar” world order model. By focusing on the examples of the EU and the Russian Federation, this article studies the influence of global destabilization on the dynamics of political institutions both on the level of individual states and on the supranational level. Some general characteristics defining the modern political and institutional dynamics across EU countries are analyzed; these are associated with processes for strengthening socio-political destabilization. These trends, in particular, include: the decline in the effectiveness of traditional political parties, the growing polarization of party-political systems; the rise of populism, euroscepticism and right-wing radicalism; intensified contradictions in interactions between central and regional political institutions, amidst the growth of separatist sentiments; and the collapse and fundamental transformation of the structure and functions of the national state (nation-state) as an “ideal”. It is shown that the supranational political institutions of the EU as a whole are not effective enough in responding to the new challenges of external cultural migration, political polarization within European societies, the crisis of the social state, and the global COVID-19 epidemic. The reasons for this inefficiency are analyzed. In Russia, which is yet to fully take the form of a Western European-type nation-state, the political institutions introduced in the 1990s are undergoing intensive changes, adapting to this global destabilization in accordance with the model of institutional tracks that is different from the model of the national state. This involves applying elements of an imperial socio-political organization. Therefore, the first part of the study is devoted to the analysis of the problems and symptoms of increasing global destabilization and the formulation of the research problem; this is then solved in the next three parts. In a comparative perspective, three cases of institutional dynamics were studied: the EU as a whole, the EU at the level of national states, and the Russian Federation as a paradoxical state (national in form, but evolving in a different direction). The final part discusses the results and main findings of the study. From 2020 to 2030, as the EU and Russia are entering a period of deep and critical institutional, it is predicted that they must transform and adapt to the upcoming dramatic remodeling of the world order. 

political institutions, political and institutional dynamics, global destabilization, world order, supranational institutions, political parties, populism, nation state, European Union, Russia.


Acharya A. 2014. The End of American World Order. Cambridge: Polity Press. 150 p.

Bache I., Bartle I., Flinders M. 2016. Multi-Level Governance. – Handbook on Theories of Governance. Ed. by C. Ansell, J. Torfing. Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing. P. 486-498.

Backer D.A., Huth P.K. 2016. The Peace and Conflict Instability Ledger: Ranking States on Future Risks. – Peace and Conflict. New York: Routledge. P. 128-143.

Blewitt J. 2015. Understanding Sustainable Development. London: Routledge. 406 p.

Brubaker R. 2017. Between Nationalism and Civilizationism: The European Populist Moment in Comparative Perspective. – Ethnic and Racial Studies. No. 8. P. 1191-1226.

Bruszt L. 2005. Governing Sub-National/Regional Institutional Change: Evolution of Regional (Sub-National) Development Regimes-Challenges for Institution Building in the Cee Countries and Sub-National Institutional Experimentation. Budapest: Central European University.

Colomer J.M. 2007. Great Empires, Small Nations: The Uncertain Future of the Sovereign State. London; New York: Routledge. 114 p.

Duncombe C., Dunne T. 2018. After Liberal World Order. – International Affairs. Vol. 94. No. 1. P. 25-42.

Ferguson N. 2014. The Great Degeneration: How Institutions Decay and Economies Die. London: Penguin Books. 192 p.

Giumelli F. 2013. Beyond Intergovernmentalism: The Europeanization of Restrictive Measures? – Journal of Contemporary European Research. Vol. 9. No. 3. P. 390‐405.

Grinin L.E. 2013. The Tiger and Dragon. Development Models and Perspectives of India and China. – Journal of Globalization Studies. Vol. 4. No. 1. P. 5-31.

Grober U. 2007. Deep Roots – a Conceptual History of “Sustainable Development” (Nachhaltigkeit). Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin fur Sozialforschung. URL: (accessed 19.05.2020).

Hale H.E. 2015. Patronal Politics: Eurasian Regimes Dynamics in Comparative Prospective. New York: Cambridge University Press. 542 p.

Herranz-Surralles A. 2014. The EU’s Multilevel Parliamentary (Battle) Field: Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation and Conflict in Foreign and Security Policy. – West European Politics. Vol. 37. No. 5. P. 957-975.

Ikenberry G.J. 2018a. Reflections on After Victory. – The British Journal of Politics and International Relations. Vol. 21. No. 1. 5-19.

Ikenberry G.J. 2018b. The End of Liberal International Order? – International Affairs. Vol. 94. No. 1. P. 7-23.

Kai He. 2012. Undermining Adversaries: Unipolarity, Threat Perception, and Negative Balancing Strategies after the Cold War. – Security Studies. Vol. 21. No. 2. P. 154-191.

Korotayev A., Meshcherina K., Shishkina A. 2018. A Wave of Global Sociopolitical Destabilization of the 2010s: A Quantitative Analysis. – Democracy and Security. Vol. 14. No. 4. P. 331-357.

Layne Ch. 2012. This Time Its Real: The End of Unipolarity and the Pax Americana. – International Studies Quarterly. Vol. 56. No. 1. P. 203-213.

Leibfried S., Huber E., Lange M., Levy J. D., Nullmeier F., Stephens J.D. 2015. The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State. Oxford: Oxford University Press. xxviii, 898 p.

Lischer S.K. 2017. The Global Refugee Crisis: Regional Destabilization & Humanitarian Protection. – Daedalus. Vol. 146. No. 4. P. 85-97.

Merritt R.L. 1995. Population Imbalance and Political Destabilization. – International Political Science Review / Revue internationale de science politique. Vol. 16. No. 4. P. 405-425.

Monteiro N.P. 2012. Unrest Assured: Why Unipolarity Is Not Peaceful. – Quarterly Journal: International Security. Vol. 36. No. 3. P. 9-40.

Newig J., Derwort P., Jager N.W. 2019. Sustainability Through Institutional Failure and Decline? Archetypes of Productive Pathways. – Ecology and Society. Vol. 24. No. 1.

Piketty T. 2014. Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge, Mass.; London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 685 p.

Reich S., Lebow R.N. 2014. Good-Bye Hegemony! Power an Influence in the Global System. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 208 p.

Rydgren J. 2017. Radical Right-Wing Parties in Europe. What’s Populism Got to Do with It? – Journal of Language and Politics. No. 4. P. 485-496.

Sassen S. 2003. Globalization or denationalization? – Review of International Political Economy. Vol. 10. No. 1. P. 1-22.

Slinko E., Bilyuga S., Zinkina J., Korotayev A. 2017. Regime Type and Political Destabilization in Cross-National Perspective: A Re-Analysis. – Cross-Cultural Research. Vol. 51. No. 1. P. 26-50.

Stokes D. 2018. Trump, American Hegemony and the Future of the Liberal International Order. – International Affairs. Vol. 94. No. 1. P. 133-150.

Strezhneva M.V. 1999. Social Culture and Regional Governance: Comparison of the European Union and Post-Soviet Experiences. New York: Nova Science Publishers. 273 p.

Voskressenski A.D. 2017. Chapter 16: General Rules and National Specifics in Non-Western Democracy. – Is Non-Western Democracy Possible? A Russian Perspective. Ed. by A.D. Voskressenski. Singapore: World Scientific. P. 595-666.

Weber M. 1946. The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. New York: Oxford University Press. 448 p.

Witt U. 2019. Innovative Expansion of Capitalism and Global Institutional Destabilization. URL: (accessed 11.05.2020).


Arbatova N. 2017. Future of European Integration in the Context of Internal and External Crises. – World Economy and International Relations. Vol. 61. No. 10. P. 57-65. (In Russ.)

Arbatova N.K. 2014. Krizis kak katalizator evropeiskoi integratsii [The Crisis as a Catalyst for European Integration]. – Globalnaya perestroika [Global Perestroika]. Ed. by A.A. Dynkin, N.I. Ivanova. Moscow: Ves’ Mir Publ. P. 341-362. (In Russ.)

Blyakher L.Ye. 2003. Power Games in a Crisis-Stricken Socium: Transformation of the Russian Institutional Structure. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 1. P. 63-73. (In Russ.)

Colomer J.M. 2008. Great Empires, Small Nations: The Uncertain Future of the Sovereign State. (Russ. ed.: Colomer J.M. Velikie imperii, malye natsii: neyasnoe budushchee suverennogo gosudarstva. Abstract. – Political Science (RU). No. 4. P. 42-61).

Efimova L., Khokhlova N. 2020. Conceptualisation of “Asian Values” in Malaysia and

Singapore. – World Economy and International Relations. Vol. 64. No. 1. P. 91-98. (In Russ.)

Gelman V.Ya. 2003. Institutional Construction and Informal Institutions in Modern Russian Politics. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 4. P. 6-25. (In Russ.)

Gospodarik Yu.P., Pashkovskaya M.V. 2016. Mezhdunarodnaya ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost’ [International Economic Security]. Moscow: Universitet “Sinergiya”. 416 p. (In Russ.)

Grinin L.E., Korotaev A.V., Isaev L.M., Shishkina A.R. 2015. Reconfiguration of the World System and Increased Risks of Political Instability. – Sistemnyi monitoring global’nykh i regional’nykh riskov. Vol. 6. P. 4-19. (In Russ.)

Gromoglasova E.S. 2009. Teoriya i praktika politicheskogo upravleniya v Evropeiskom Soyuze [Theory and Practice of Political Governance in the European Union]. Moscow: IMEMO RAS. 116 p. (In Russ.)

Il’chenko M.S., Fadeicheva M.A. 2007. Rossiiskii federalizm: formal’nye deklaratsii i neformal’nye praktiki [Russian Federalism: Formal Declarations and Informal Practices]. – Federalizm i tsentralizatsiya [Federalism and Centralization]. Ekaterinburg: Ural‘skoe otdelenie Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. P. 43-58. (In Russ.)

Jessop B. The State: Past, Present, Future. (Russ. ed.: Jessop B. Gosudarstvo: proshloe, nastoyashchee i budushchee. Moscow: Izdatel’skii dom “Delo”).

Kardava N.V. 2019. Cybersecurity Policy in the European Union: National and Supranational Levels. – The Caspian Region: Politics, Economics, Culture. No. 3. P. 73-78. (In Russ.)

Klaus V. 2016. The Future of International Development Institutions: Can Their Failures Be Even Greater? – Mir peremen. No. 1. P. 8-10. (In Russ.)

Korotaev A.V., Grinin L.E., Isaev L.M., Bilyuga S.E., Vas’kin I.A., Slin’ko E.V., Shishkina A.R., Meshcherina K.V. 2017. Destabilizatsiya: global’nye, natsional’nye, prirodnye faktory i mekhanizmy [Destabilization: Global, National, Natural Factors and Mechanisms]. Moscow: Moskovskaya redaktsiya izdatel’stva “Uchitel’”. 344 p. (In Russ.)

Korotayev A., Khokhlova A., Tsirel S. 2018. Unemployment as a Predictor of Socio-Political Destabilization in Western and Eastern Europe. – Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya = Journal of Economic Sociology. Vol. 19. No. 2. P. 118-166.

Korotayev A.V., Slin’ko E.V., Shul’gin S.G., Bilyuga S.E. 2016. Intermediate Types of Political Regimes and Socio-Political Instability: Quantitative Cross-National Analysis. – Politeia. No. 3(82). P. 31-52. (In Russ.)

Lapkin V.V. 2019. Global Interlude: from Unipolar Dysfunction to a New World Order. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 6. P. 128-144. (In Russ.)

Malkov S.Yu., Bilyuga S.E. 2015. The Model of Sustainability / Destabilization of Political Systems. – Informatsionnye voiny. Vol. 33. No. 1. P. 7-18. (In Russ.)

Malkov S.Yu., Maksimov A.A. 2018. The Contours of the Coming World Order. – Istoriya i sovremennost’. No. 4. P. 3-29. (In Russ.)

Melville A.Yu., Stukal D.K., Mironyuk M.G. 2013. “King of the Hill”, or Why Bad Institutions in Post-Communist Autocracies. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 2. P. 125-143. (In Russ.)

Naumkin V.V. 2013. Arabskii mir, islam i Rossiya: proshloe i nastoyashchee [Arab World, Islam and Russia: Past and Present]. Moscow: Institut vostokovedeniya RAN. 526 p. (In Russ.)

North D., Wallis J., Weingast B. Violence and Social Orders. (Russ. ed.: North D., Wallis J., Weingast B. Nasilie i sotsial’nye poryadki. Moscow: Gaidar Institute Press. 2011. 479 p.)

Novosad T. 2019. EU Decision-Making Mechanisms: Current Trends. – Contemporary Europe. No. 3. P. 190-196. (In Russ.)

Panov P.V. 2006. Institutsional’nye transformatsii [Institutional Transformations]. – Institutsional’naya politologiya: sovremennyi institutsionalizm i politicheskaya transformatsiya Rossii [Institutional Political Science: Modern Institutionalism and the Political Transformation of Russia]. Ed. by S.V. Patrushev. Moscow: ISP

RAS. P. 64-74. (In Russ.)

Pantin V.I. 2019. Political Cleavages and Splits in Modern Societies. – South-Russian Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 20. No. 3. P. 28-40. (In Russ.)

Pantin V.I., Lapkin V.V. 2014. Istoricheskoe prognozirovanie v XXI veke: Tsikly Kondrat’eva, evolyutsionnye tsikly i perspektivy mirovogo razvitiya [Historical Forecasting in the 21st Century: Kondratieff’s Cycles, Evolutionary Cycles and Prospects for World Development]. Dubna: Phoenix-plus. 456 p. (In Russ.)

Patrushev S.V. 2019. Institutsionalizm i neoinstitutsionalizm [Institutionalism and

Neoinstitutionalism]. – Sovremennaya politicheskaya nauka: Metodologiya: Nauchnoe izdanie [Contemporary Political Science: Methodology: Scientific Publication]. Ed. by O.V. Gaman-Golutvina, A.I. Nikitin. Moscow: Aspect Press. P. 101-137.

Pivovarov Yu.S. 2006. Russkaya politika v ee istoricheskom i kul’turnom otnosheniyakh [Russian Politics in Its Historical and Cultural Relations]. Moscow: ROSSPEN. 168 p. (In Russ.)

Pivovarov Yu.S. 2014. Russkoe nastoyashchee i sovetskoe proshloe [Russian Present and Soviet Past]. Moscow – St. Petersburg: Center for Humanitarian Initiatives, University Book. 336 p. (In Russ.)

Restrukturizatsiya politicheskogo landshafta evropeiskikh gosudarstv [Restructuring of the Political Landscape of European States]. 2017. Ed. by V.G. Baranovskii, I.Ya. Kobrinskaya. Moscow: IMEMO RAS. 69 p. (In Russ.)

Rossiya v global’noi politike. Novye pravila igry bez pravil [Russia in Global Politics. New Rules of the Game Without Rules]. 2015. Ed. by F. Luk’yanov. Moscow: EKSMO. 384 p. (In Russ.)

Semenenko I.S. 2016. Identity Politics and Identities in Politics: Interethnic Perspectives in a European Context. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 4. P. 8-28. (In Russ.)

Strezhneva M.V. 1999. Evropeiskii soyuz i SNG: sravnitel’nyi analiz institutov [European Union and CIS: Institutional Benchmarking]. Moscow: MONF. 265 p. (In Russ.)

Vainshtein G. 2018. European Populism in the Late 2010s. – World Economy and International Relations. Vol. 62. No. 3. P. 29-38. (In Russ.)

Vainshtein G.I. 2017. Modern Populism as a Subject of Political Science. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 4. P. 69-89. (In Russ.)

Vinogradov A.V., Ryabov A.V. 2019. Political Systems of Post-Soviet States and China in the Process of Inter-System Transformation. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 3. P. 69-86. (In Russ.)

Vorozheykina T.Ye. 2002. State and Society in Russia: the State-Centric Development Mould Exhausted. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 4. P. 60-65. (In Russ.)

Yakovlev P. 2017. “The Trump Factor” and the Changing Face of Globalization. – World Economy and International Relations. Vol. 61. No. 7. P. 5-14. (In Russ.)

Zverev A.F. 1992. The Theory of Bureaucracy from M. Weber to L. von Mises. – Gosudarstvo i pravo. No. 1. P. 89-95. (In Russ.) 

Content No. 4, 2020

See also:

Suvakovic U.,
Political parties as traditional mechanisms of representation in modern societies. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No2

Tomashov I.A.,
The year of 2012: russian politics and political professions. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No3

Pantin V.I., Lapkin V.V.,
Transforming of Political Spaces: Toward Polycentric World Order. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No6

Patrushev S.V.,
The cliquocratical order as institutional trap for the russian modernization. – Polis. Political Studies. 2011. No6

Barsukova S.Yu.,
«Empire», or Farewell to Modernity. – Polis. Political Studies. 2007. No3



   2024      2023      2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991