The Request for Change: Political and Value Dimension

The Request for Change:
Political and Value Dimension


Petukhov R.V.,

Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, petukhovrv@yandex.ru


elibrary_id: 585300 | ORCID: 0000-0003-0940-9315 | RESEARCHER_ID: P-7947-2016


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2020.06.08
Rubric: Russia Today

For citation:

Petukhov R.V. The Request for Change: Political and Value Dimension. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No. 6. P. 103-118. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2020.06.08


This article was prepared with the support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, the project “Social Transformation of Russian Society: Actors of the Request for Change” No. 19 011 00277.


Abstract

The social perturbations during the first half of 2020s demonstrated the contradictions that were accumulating in Russian society over recent years. One aspect of social disengagement is the peculiar attitude of different social groups and strata towards the long-term course of the contemporary government about maintaining stability; this term is understood as the pathway that preserves the existing political and economic system and “the rules of the game”. Sociological data from monitoring studies by the Institute of Sociology of the FCTAS (RAS) demonstrates that Russian society is divided into approximately two equal parts: one wishes for change, and believes that the shortage of serious economic and social reforms will cause the state to stagnate; the other wants to maintain stability and believes that transformations should not be rushed, having no information about the results thereof. The reasons why public demands for change have formed have already been analyzed by the working group of the research project “Social Transformation of Russian Society: the Actors of the Request for Change,”. Therefore, the author of this article focuses on the identification of the factors that influence subjective choice in favor of change or stability. The analysis demonstrates that such a choice is determined by political, not by social, differences between the supporters of either changes or of stability. These manifest, predominantly, when many Russians are aware that the border between private and public in modern Russia is illusory. The author, applying the sociological data, demonstrates the correlation between the increase of the number of “self-sufficient Russians” and the formation of a request for change. The combination of this attitude with a prospective vision of the future becomes a key factor that forces the desire for change. The social request for changes, which is not accepted by the authorities, forms a special identity that can transform the sense of resentment into a collective action to uphold one’s vision of the future. 

Keywords
request for change, social stability, social change, democracy, civic participation, political and social activity, self-sufficient, perspective thinking.


References

Bell D. 1960. The End of Ideology: On the Exhaustion of Political Ideas in the Fifties. New York: Free Press.

Clement K. 2015. Unlikely Mobilisations: How Ordinary Russian People Become Involved in Collective Action. European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology. Vol. 2. No. 3-4. P. 211-240. https://doi.org/10.1080/23254823.2016.1148621

Eagleton T. 2014. Ideology. London; New York: Routledge; Taylor and Francis.

Greene S.A. 2013. Beyond Bolotnaia: Bridging Old and New in Russia’s Election Protest Movement. – Problems of Post-Communism. Vol. 60. No. 2. P. 40-52. https://doi.org/10.2753/PPC1075-8216600204

Robertson G. 2010. The Politics of Protest in Hybrid Regimes: Managing Dissent in Post-Communist Russia. Cambridge University Press.

 

Beck U. 2000. Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. (Russ. ed.: Beck U. Obshestvo riska. Na puti k drugomu modernu. Moscow: Progress-Tradiciya. 384 p.)

Bikbov A. 2012. The Methodology of Studying “Spontaneous” Street Activism (Russian Protests and Street Camps, December 2011 – July 2012). – Laboratorium: Russian Review of Social Research. Vol. 4. No. 2. P. 130-163. (In Russ.)

Castells M. 2000. The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture. (Russ. ed.: Castells M. Informacionnaya epoha: ekonomika, obshchestvo i kultura. Moscow: The Higher School of Economics Publishing House).

Castells M. 2016. Communication Power. (Russ. ed.: Castells M. 2016. Vlast kommunikacij. Moscow: The Higher School of Economics Publishing House).

Fukuyama F. 2019. Identity: The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment. (Russ. ed.: Fukuyama F. Identichnost’: Stremlenie k priznaniyu i politika nepriyatiya. Moscow: Alpina Publ.).

Gallup G., Rae S.F. 2017. The Pulse of Democracy: The Public Opinion Poll and How it Works. (Russ. ed.: Gallup G., Rae S.F. Puls demokratii. Kak rabotayut oprosy obshchestvennogo mneniya. Moscow: VCIOM).

Gelman V.Y. 2019. “Nedostojnoe pravlenie”: politika v sovremennoj Rossii [“Bad Governance”: Politics in Contemporary Russia]. St. Petersburg: EUSP Press. (In Russ.)

Gorshkov M.K., Sedova N.N. 2015. “Self-sufficient” Russians and their life priorities. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 12. P. 4-16. (In Russ.)

Grot A.V., Sazhina S.V., Shishkin S.V. 2018. Medical Care Seeking in the Public and Private Health Sectors (According to Sociological Surveys). – Social Aspects of Population Health. No. 5. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.21045/2071-5021-2018-63-5-1

Kholodkovskii K.G. 2009. To the Question of the Political System of Modern Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 2. P. 7-22. (In Russ.)

Latov Yu.V. 2019. Ideological Vectors and Scalars of Action for Proponents of Change. – Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 12. P. 15-28. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31857/S013216250007738-4

Latova N.V. 2019. The Actors of the Request for Institutional Changes in Modern Russia (the Sociopsychological Context). – Journal of Institutional Studies. Vol. 11. No. 3. P. 119-134. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17835/2076-6297.2019.11.3.119-134

Mair P. 2019. Ruling the Void: The Hollowing of Western Democracy. (Russ. ed.: Mair P. Upravlyaya pustotoj: razmyvanie zapadnoj demokratiej. Moscow: Gaidar Institute Press).

Mareeva S.V. 2015. Values in Modern Russian Society. – Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes. No. 4. P. 50-65. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14515/monitoring.2015.4.03

Muller J.-W. Contesting Democracy. (Russ. ed.: Muller J.-W. Spory o demokratii: Politicheskie idei v Evrope XX veka. Moscow: Gaidar Institute Press).

Petuhov V.V. 2014. Pokolenie “nulevyh”: ideologicheskie ustanovki i politicheskoe uchastie v Rossii [2000s Generation: Ideological Attitudes and Political Participation in Russia]. – Rossiya i Kitaj: molodezh’ XXI veka [Russia and China: Youth of the XXI Century]. Ed. by M.K. Gorshkov, Li CHunlin’, Z.T. Golenkova, P.M. Kozyreva. Moscow: Novyj hronograf. P. 239-259. (In Russ.)

Petuhov V.V. 2018. Dynamics of the Social Attitudes of the Russia’s Citizens and Making of a Public Demand for Change. – Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 11. P. 40-53. (In Russ.)

Petuhov V.V., Petuhov R.V. 2019. Request for Change: Factors and Causes of its Actualization, Key Components, and Potential Carriers. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 5. P. 119-133. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2019.05.09

Politika apolitichnyh: social’nye dvizheniya v Rossii 2011-2013 gg. [Politics of the Apolitical: Social Movements in Russia 2011-2013]. 2014. Ed. by S.V. Erpyleva, A.V. Magun. Moscow: New Literary Observer. (In Russ.)

Prozorov S. 2012. The Second End of the Story: The Politics of Inaction from Perestroika to Putin. – Neprikosnovennyj Zapas. No. 2. (In Russ.) URL: https://www.nlobooks.ru/magazines/neprikosnovennyy_zapas/82_nz_2_2012/article/18687/ (accessed 25.01.2020).

Sedova N.N. 2019. Activism in the Worldview of Russians. – Sociologicheskaja nauka i social’naja praktika. Vol. 7. No. 4. P. 9-25. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.19181/snsp.2019.7.4.6796

Sztompka P. 1996. The Sociology of Social Change. (Russ. ed.: Sztompka P. Sotsiologiya sotsial’nykh izmenenii. Moscow: Aspect Press).

Vakhshtayn V., Vаizer T. 2016. Communities and Communication: The Transformation of the Social Formation of Solidarity Mechanisms. Moscow: RANEPA. (In Russ.) URL: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2807018#references-widget (accessed 02.02.2020).

Volkov D., Kolesnikov A. 2019. My zhdem peremen – 2. Pochemu i kak formiruetsya spros na radikal’nye izmeneniya [We are Waiting for Changes – 2. Why and How the Demand for Radical Change is Generated]. Moscow: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. (In Russ.)

Zarubina N.N., Noskova A.V. 2019. Images of Russia: Reflecting on the Eras of Change. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 2. P. 173-183. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2019.02.13 

Content No. 6, 2020

See also:


Petukhov V.V., Petukhov R.V.,
Request for Change: Factors and Causes of its Actualization, Key Components, and Potential Carriers. – Polis. Political Studies. 2019. No5

Patrushev S.V.,
Civil activity: institutional approach. Prospects for research. – Polis. Political Studies. 2009. No6

Workshop of the Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences.,
Russian Identity in Sociological Dimension. Part 1. («Political Activity and Civil Participation», «Foreign Policy Aspects of the Russian Identity»).. – Polis. Political Studies. 2008. No1

Shestopal Ye.B.,
Introducing the section. The human dimension of politics. – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No6

Selezneva A.V., Azarnova A.A.,
“Birth of a Citizen”: Political and Psychological Analysis of Russian High School Students’ Civic Consciousness. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No5

 
 

Archive

   2023      2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991