A special view on the great neighbor: perception of China and the Chinese in Southern Pacific Russia

A special view on the great neighbor:
perception of China and the Chinese in Southern Pacific Russia


Larin V.L.,

Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnology of the Peoples of the Far East, Far-Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia, victorlar@mail.ru


elibrary_id: 71403 | ORCID: 0000-0002-2825-8391 | RESEARCHER_ID: AAT-7416-2020

Larina L.L.,

Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnology of the Peoples of the Far East, Far-Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia, lilylar25@mail.ru


elibrary_id: 966494 | ORCID: 0000-0002-5040-3671 |


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2022.02.13
Rubric: Russia today

For citation:

Larin V.L., Larina L.L. A special view on the great neighbor: perception of China and the Chinese in Southern Pacific Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2022. No. 2. P. 174-191. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2022.02.13



Abstract

The article analyzes the perceptions of China and the Chinese among residents of the Far Eastern Federal District border territories, as reflected during the field studies conducted by the Laboratory for Public Opinion Research of the Institute of History of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, in the summer of 2019. The results of this study are compared with the materials of previous surveys of the named laboratory, as well as the assessments of Russian and foreign research centers devoted to similar problems. According to the authors, despite the fact that the attitude towards China in the border territories of Russia fits into the mainstream all-Russian positive trends (China is a friendly country that does not pose a threat to Russia), the nature of these perceptions is different. The overwhelming majority of Russians construct their views of China on the base of abstract foreign policy ideas and fragmentaryтknowledge about this distant country as well as based on the image of China created by official propaganda. The perceptions of residents of the borderlands predominantly come from their own economic and social experiences, and their personal contacts with China and the Chinese. Feeling the real benefits of economic and humanitarian interactions with China, people in Pacific Russia actively advocate economic cooperation with it and give it priority over other countries. Despite the existence of linguistic and cultural barriers, as well as warnings about the “Chinese threat” that have been circulated for a long time in the media, most of them are tolerant of the Chinese and successfully interact with them. However, the subjective (to a large extent subconscious) factors of perception – socio-demographic and psychological – continue to play an important role in the perception of China, and therefore the views of the citizens of the Far East on this country are not integral and are quite contradictory. Approximately one fifth of the population is opposed to China and is categorically against an expansion of the Chinese economic and demographic presence in Russia. About half of the residents do not have deep-rooted views on China, and any negative processes in bilateral relations can easily turn public sentiment in the other direction. 

Keywords
China, Chinese, Pacific Russia, trans-border territories, public opinion.

Дополнительные материалы

References

Jervis, R. (1976). Perception and Misperception in International Politics. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.

Larin, V. (2020). Russia–China Economic Relations in the 21st Century: Unrealized Potential or Predetermined Outcome? Chinese Journal of International Review, 02(01), 2050001-01-2050001-26. https://doi.org/10.1142/S2630531320500018

Snyder, G., & Diesing, P. (1978). Conflict among Nations: Bargaining, Decision Making, and System Structure in International Crises. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.

 

Chugrov, S.V. (2007). The notion of foreign policy mentality and methodology of its study. Polis. Political Studies, 4, 46-65. (In Russ.)

Fundamental’nye problemy prostranstvennogo razvitiya Rossiiskoi Federatsii: mezhdistsiplinarnyi sintez [Fundamental problems of spatial development of the Russian Federation: an interdisciplinary synthesis]. (2013). Moscow: Media-Press. (In Russ.)

Gel’bras, V.G. (2004). Rossiya v usloviyakh global’noi kitaiskoi migratsii [Russia in the context of global Chinese migration]. Мoscow: Muravei Publ. (In Russ.)

Gorshkov, M.K., & Petukhov, V.V. (2015). Foreign policy orientations of the Russians: a new turn. Polis. Political Studies, 2, 10-34. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2015.02.02

Kireev, A.A. (2014). The concept of “region” and subject methodological problems of regional studies. Regionalistika, 1(1), 18-32. (In Russ.)

Kisilev, I.Yu. (2007). The problem of the state image in international relations: constructivist paradigm. Political Expertise Journal, 3(3), 253-260. (In Russ.)

Kisilev, I.Yu., & Smirnova, A.G. (2006). Dinamika obraza gosudarstva v mezhdunarodnykh otnosh­eniyakh [Dynamics of the state image in international relations]. Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg State Univ. Publ. (In Russ.)

Larin, A.G. (2009). Kitaiskie migranty v Rossii. Istoriya i sovremennost’ [Chinese migrants in Russia. History and modernity]. Moscow: Vostochnaya kniga Publ. (In Russ.)

Larin, V.L. (2005). Rossiisko-kitaiskie otnosheniya v regional’nykh izmereniyakh (80-e gody KhKh – nachalo XXI v.) [Russian-Chinese relations in regional dimensions (80s of XX – early XXI century)]. Moscow: Vostok-Zapad Publ. (In Russ.)

Larin, V.L. (2016). Russia-China transboundary region from the perspective of Eurasian proj­ects. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 60(12), 69-81. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2016-60-12-69-8

Larin, V.L., & Larina, L.L. (2011). Okruzhayushchii mir glazami dal’nevostochnikov: evolyutsiya vzglyadov i predstavlenii na rubezhe KhKh-XXI vekov [Russia Far East view the world: the evolution of people’s perception and attitudes at the turn of the 20th – 21st centuries]. Vladivostok: Dal’nauka. (In Russ.)

Larin, V.L., & Larina, L.L. (2018). Public Opinion of the Inhabitants of Pacific Russia toward China (According to survey of 2017). Rossiya i ATR, 2, 5-33. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24411/1026-8804-2018-00017

Nesterova, E.I. (2004). Russkaya administratsiya i kitaiskie migranty na yuge Dal’nego Vostoka Rossii (vtoraya polovina XIX – nachalo XX vv.) [Russian administration and Chinese migrants in the South of the Russian Far East (2nd half of the 19th – early 20th centuries)]. Vladivostok: Far Eastern State Univ. Publ. (In Russ.)

Petukhov, V.V. (2010). Foreign policy priorities of the mass consciousness of Russians. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 11, 3-13. (In Russ.)

Ponkratova, L.A., Zabiyako, A.P., & Kobyzov, R.A. (2009). Russkie i kitaitsy: etnomigratsionnye protsessy na Dal’nem Vostoke [Russians and Chinese: ethno-migration processes in the Far East]. Blagoveshchensk: Amurskij gosudarstvennyj universitet Publ. (In Russ.)

Psikhologiya politicheskogo vospriyatiya v sovremennoi Rossii [Shestopal, E.B. (Ed.) Psychology of Political Perception in Contemporary Russia]. (2012). Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ. (In Russ.)

Rossiya i Kitai: chetyre veka vzaimodeistviya [Lukin, A.V. (Ed.) Russia and China: Four Centuries of Interaction. Ed. by]. (2013). Moscow: Ves’ Mir. (In Russ.)

Rossiyskoe obschestvo i vyzovy vremeni. Kniga pervaya [Gorshkov, M.K., & Petuhov, V.V. (Ed.) Russian Society and the Challenges of Time. Book one]. (2015). Moscow: Ves’ Mir. (In Russ.)

Shestopal, E.B., & Smulkina, N.V. (2018). Factors of political perception of post-soviet countries in contemporary Russian society. Polis. Political Studies, 1, 26-44. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2018.01.03

Shestopal, E.B., Gubchenko, V.A., Dzhamaludinov, Sh.Z., Dzhgamadze, K.B., & Tumysov, I.A. (2016). Images of EU in Russia: problem of perception. Polis. Political Studies, 3, 12-24. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2016.03.03

Tikhookeanskaya Rossiya v integratsionnom prostranstve Severnoi Patsifiki v nachale XXI veka: opyt i potentsial regional’nogo i prigranichnogo vzaimodeistviya [Larin, V.L. (Ed.) Pacific Russia in the integra­tion space of the North Pacific at the beginning of the XXI century: experience and potential of regional and cross-border interaction]. (2017). Vladivostok: IIAE DVO RAN. (In Russ.)

Zalesskaya, O.V. (2009). Kitaiskie migranty na Dal’nem Vostoke Rossii (1917-1938 gg.) [Chinese migrants in the Russian Far East (1917-1938)]. Vladivostok: Dal’nauka Publ. (In Russ.) 

Content No. 2, 2022

See also:


Bezvikonnaya Ye.V.,
Systemico-Synergetic Model of a Political System. – Polis. Political Studies. 2009. No3

Rutland P.,
Russia and China: Saga of Two Transitions to Market Economy. – Polis. Political Studies. 2009. No3

Bernays E.L.,
Manipulating public opinion: the why and the how. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No4

Lukin A.V.,
Russia and China in Greater Eurasia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No5

Klimova S.G., Yakusheva T.V.,
Politicians’ Images in Russians’ Accounts. – Polis. Political Studies. 2000. No6

 

   

Introducing an article



Polis. Political Studies
4 2004


Czepinski S.
“Historical Time and Globalization”

 The article text
 

Archive

   2023      2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991