The Greater Mediterranean as a macroregion: spatial analysis

The Greater Mediterranean as a macroregion:
spatial analysis

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2022.03.03

For citation:

Okunev I.Yu., Zakharova I.A. The Greater Mediterranean as a macroregion: spatial analysis. – Polis. Political Studies. 2022. No. 3. P. 24-37. (In Russ.).

The article was prepared within the framework of the grant of the Ministry of Education and Science No. 075-15-2020-930 to support the world-class scientific “Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Human Potential”.


The article is devoted to the analysis of the Big Mediterranean macroregion. Countries within this macroregion share historical, cultural and geographic features. The Big Mediterranean consists of countries on the shores of the Mediterranean that share common evolutionary processes. The authors of the article describe the theoretical bases of a region and a macroregion in order to single out criteria to determine whether the countries within the macroregion are alike or not. After this step, a data set of 70 indicators divided into 6 groups (international influence, politics, economy, standard of living, demography and values) was gathered. With the use of spatial analysis and Moran’s index of spatial autocorrelation, local neighbor match test, as well as cluster analysis, the states of the macroregion were clustered based on the indicators. The authors come to conclusion that within this macroregion several regions are interconnected which formed clusters. Concurrently within mathematical analysis it was shown that currently the countries have a small number of similarities that are crucial when constructing a microregion. However, this does not put into question the fact that all the countries within the region have the same historical, cultural and geographic origins. 

The Greater Mediterranean, spatial analysis, microregion, region, clusters, local neighbors, neighborhood effect.

Дополнительные материалы


Anselin, L. (1995). Local indicators of Spatial Association – LISA. Geographical Analysis, 27(2), 93-115.

Anselin, L., & Li, X. (2020). Tobler’s law in a multivariate world. Geographical Analysis, 52(4), 494-510.

Cliff, A.D., & Ord, J.K. (1973). Spatial autocorrelation. London: Pion.

Gillespie, R., & Volpi, F. (2018). Routledge handbook of Mediterranean politics. London, New York: Routledge.

Paasi A. (2011). The region, identity, and power. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 14, 9-16.

Tobler, W.R. (1970). A computer movie simulating urban growth in the Detroit region. In Economic Geography, 46, 234-240.


Braudel, F. (1997). Ecrits sur l’Histoire. (Russ. ed.: Braudel, F. Istoriya i obshchestvennye nauki. Istoricheskaya dlitel’nost’. Moscow: Progress Publishers (Moscow). 334 p.).

Chikharev, I.A., & Yarmak, O.V. The Greater Mediterranean in the discourse of research and expert analytics centers. RUDN Journal of Political Science, 21(1), 99-109.

Efremova, K.A. (2017). From regionalism to transregionalism: theoretic understanding of a new reality. Comparative Politics Russia, 8(2), 58-72. (In Russ).

Ilyin, M.V. (2020). Bol’shoe Sredizemnomor’e ot antropogeneza malykh chelovecheskikh rodov do globalizatsii chelovechestva [The Great Mediterranean from the anthropogenesis of small human genera to the globalization of mankind]. In Metodologicheskii seminar po Bol’shomu Sredizemnomor’yu [Methodological seminar on the Great Mediterranean, Center for Spatial Analysis of International Relations, Institute for International Studies, MGIMO University, 4 may 2020].;

Kolosov, V.A., & O’Loughlin J. (2008). Socio-territorial dynamics and ethnic relations in the Northern Caucasus. Polis. Political Studies, 4, 27-47. (In Russ.)

Kuznetsov, D.A. (2016). Transregionalism: problems of terminology and conceptualization. Comparative Politics Russia, 7(2), 14-25. (In Russ).

Voskresenskii, A.D. (Ed.). (2014). Mirovoe kompleksnoe regionovedenie [World integrated regional studies]. Мoscow: Magistr; INFRA-M. (In Russ.)

Nechaev, V.D., Chikharev, I.A., Irkhin, A.A., & Makovskaya, D.V. (2019). Framework of the geostrategic atlas of the Greater Mediterranean. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 5, Geografiya, 1, 67-74. (In Russ.)

Okunev, I.Yu. (2019). Politicheskaya geografiya [Political geography]. Moscow: Aspect Press. (In Russ.)

Okunev, I.Yu. (2020). Osnovy prostranstvennogo analiza [Fundamentals of spatial analysis]. Moscow: Aspect Press. (In Russ.)

Okunev, I.Yu., Barinov, S.L., Vinogradov, V.V., Domanov, A.O., Zhirnova, L.S., Zakharova, E.A., & Ostapenko, G.I. (2020). Atlas mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii: Prostranstvennyi analiz indikatorov mirovogo razvitiya [Atlas of international relations: a spatial analysis of world development indicators]. Moscow: Aspect Press. (In Russ.)

Gantman, V.I. (1984). Sistema, struktura i protsess razvitiya mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii [System, structure and process of development of international relations]. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

Voskresenskii, A.D. (2006). Sravnitel’nyi analiz politicheskikh sistem, politicheskikh kul’tur i politicheski­kh protsessov na Vostoke kak chast’ diskursa mirovogo kompleksnogo regionovedeniya: obshchie zakonomernosti i spetsifika ikh regional’noi transformatsii [Comparative analysis of political systems, political cultures and political processes in the East as part of the discourse of world integrated regional studies: general patterns and specifics of their regional transformation]. In A.D. Voskresenskii (Ed.), Politicheskie sistemy i politicheskie kul’tury Vostoka [Political systems and political cultures of the East] (pp. 6-38). Мoscow: AST. (In Russ.)

Voskresenskii, A.D. (2012). Concepts of regionalization, regional subsystems, regional complexes and regional transformations in modern international relations. Comparative Politics Russia, 3(2), 30-58. (In Russ.) 

Content No. 3, 2022

See also:

Chikharev I.A.,
The Great Mediterranean as a Multi-Dimensional Object of Political Research. – Polis. Political Studies. 2021. No3

Ilyin M.V., Nechayev V.D.,
Challenges and prospects of study of the Greater Mediterranean. – Polis. Political Studies. 2022. No3

Dobransky S.,
The formation of a Black sea community. – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No1

Cheshkov M.A. ,
The Phenomenon of Neo-Etatism (Global an Local Dimensions). – Polis. Political Studies. 1996. No2

Prokhorenko I.L.,
Possibilities of Spatial Approach in Analysis of Ethnopolitical Conflicts. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No6



Introducing an article

Polis. Political Studies
5 2023

Arbatov A.G.
Nuclear metamorphoses

 The article text Full text (English) 


   2024      2023      2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991