The Russian political elite: characteristics and dynamics (based on research materials dating from 2011 to 2021)

The Russian political elite:
characteristics and dynamics (based on research materials dating from 2011 to 2021)



Article received: 2021.09.17. Accepted: 2022.03.25
DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2022.04.12
Rubric: Russia today

For citation:

Palitay I.S. The Russian political elite: characteristics and dynamics (based on research materials dating from 2011 to 2021). – Polis. Political Studies. 2022. No. 4. P. 148-160. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2022.04.12



Abstract

The article presents the results of a political and psychological analysis of the political elite of Russia. The empirical research was conducted using the psychobiographical method, content analysis of texts and the observation method. In the course of the study, the biographical information of about 556 politicians was collected and processed, including all deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, heads of regions, ministers of the federal government of the Russian Federation. The biographical information formed the basis of the status-role analysis of the modern political elite in Russia, and also made it possible to analyze the dynamics of its main socio-demographic indicators, starting in 2011 (based on previous studies). The 30 political and psychological profiles of representatives of the elite allowed the author to formulate hypotheses about the challenges encountered by representatives of the political elite of modern Russia in trying to realise their potential. The study found that the trend towards rejuvenation is the most visible. However, this only applies to those corps that the federal government recruits. The problem of developing the personal and professional abilities of representatives of the political elite arises from the peculiarities of the current situation and from the demand of the population for specific qualities. An assessment of the current crisis situation has shown that psychological threats are largely rooted in the consciousness and behavior of the political elite itself. Accordingly, the recommendations, first of all, imply serious work with its representatives, especially with the young. They need to be trained to develop leadership skills, the formation of reflective thinking, the ability to develop long-term strategies.

Keywords
political elite, governors, deputies, ministers, political and psychological analysis, status-role analysis, socio-demographic indicators, personality traits, psychological profile.


References

Blondel, J., & Muller-Rommel, F. (2007). Political elites. In R.J. Dalton, & H.-D. Klingemann (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior (pp. 818-882). Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199270125.003.0044

Burns, J.M. (2006). Running alone: presidential leadership from JFK to Bush II: why it has failed and how we can fix it. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Bursens, P., De Landtsheer, C., Braeckmans, L., & Segaert, B. (Ed.) (2021). Complex political decisionmaking: leadership, legitimacy and communication. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315453538

De Landtsheer, C., Hollander, Sh., & Maene, P. (2021). Brexit and political personality: the psychological profiles of Boris Johnson and Jeremy Corbyn. Polis. Political Studies, 6, 122-136. https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2021.06.09

Dyson, S., & Parent, M. (2017). The operational code approach to profiling political leaders: understanding Vladimir Putin. Intelligence and National Security, 33(1), 84-100. https://doi.org/10.1080/02684527.2017.1313523

Gaman-Golutvina, O. (2007). Political elites in the commonwealth of independent states: recruitment and rotation tendencies. Comparative Sociology, 6(1-2), 136-157. https://doi.org/10.1163/156913307X208140

Genieys, W. (2010). The new custodians of the state: programmatic elites in French society. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers.

Martynova, M.Yu. & Feoktistova, D.M. (2020). The Russian political elite in the context of modern political development. Contemporary Problems of Social Work, 6(3), 85-91. https://doi.org/10.17922/2412-5466-2020-6-3-85-91

Semenova, E., Edinger M., & Best, H. (Ed.) (2013). Parliamentary elites in Central and Eastern Europe. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315857978

Taylor, S. (2019). The psychology of pandemics: preparing for the next global outbreak of infections disease. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Winter, D.G. (2013). Personality profiles of political elites. In L. Huddy, D.O. Sears, & J. Levy. Oxford handbook of political psychology (pp. 423-458). Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://www.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199760107.013.0014

 

Ashin, G.K. (2005). The concept of “elite” and its role in political studies. Philosophical Sciences, 7, 23-43. (In Russ.)

Aybazova, M.M. (2019). Donald Trump’s Political and Psychological Profile. Vestnik RUDN. International Relations,19(3), 463-471. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.22363/2313-0660-2019-19-3-463-471

Borshchevsky, G.A. (2018). Sociological portrait of the Russian political administrative elite. Sociology of power, 29(4), 148-171. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.22394/2074-0492-2017-4-148-171

Burda, M.A. (2017). Political elite of modern Russia: crisis of formation. Post-Soviet Issues, 4(4), 373-379. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24975/2313-8920-2017-4-4-373-379

Burikova, I.S., Konovalova, M.A., Pushkina, M.A., & Yuriev, A.I. (2009). Psychological portrait of a politician by indicators of the qualities of human capital. Bulletin of St. Petersburg University. Series 12. Psychology. Sociology. Pedagogy, 3-2, 156-164. (In Russ.)

Egorova-Gantman E.V. (2003). Igry v soldatiki. Politicheskaya psikhologiya prezidentov [Soldier games. Political psychology of presidents]. Moscow: Group of companies Nikollo M. (In Russ.)

Gaman-Golutvina, O.V. (2016). Political elites as an object of research in national political science. Political Science (RU), 2, 38-73. (In Russ.)

Gaman-Golutvina, O.V., & Solovieva, D.D. (2021). France’s new political elite against the old recruiting system. Polis. Political Studies, 6, 60-72. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2021.06.05

Huishan, Sh. (2018). A typological analysis of the elite as a stratum of society. Theory and Practice of Social Development, 9, 25-35. https://doi.org/10.24158/tipor.2018.9.5

Kolesnik, N.V. (2019). Educational trajectories of the Russian elite: a regional projection. Universe of Russia, 28(4), 30-48. https://doi.org/10.17323/1811-038X-2019-28-4-30-48

Kryshtanovskaya, O.V. (2020). The main trends in the formation of the management elite in Russia in 2020-2030. Bulletin of the RFBR. Humanities and Social Sciences, 5, 117-134. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.22204/2587-8956-2020-102-05-117-134

Ochirova, V.M. (2018). Dynamics of political development of Russia in the assessment of regional political elites. Vlast’ (The Authority), 29(9), 141-146. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31171/vlast.v26i9.6171

Palitay, I.S. (2020). The young generation of the Russian political elite: status and personal characteristics. Polis. Political Studies, 5, 90-100. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2020.05.07

Palitay, I.S., & Danilova, A.S. (2020). Regional leaders of the new generation: results of politicalpsychological analysis. Tomsk State University Journal of Philosophy, Sociology and Political Science, 54, 252-262. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17223/1998863X/54/23

Palitay, I.S., & Matyusova, A.I. (2020). Governor’s corps of the Russian Federation: comparative analysis of selection mechanisms and recruitment channels for “newcomers” and “old residents”. Bulletin of the Moscow State Regional University, 4, 114-130. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.18384/2224-0209-2020-4-1040

Selezneva, A.V. (2016). Russian society in the post-Soviet period: dynamics of value changes of the elite and citizens. Political Science (RU), S, 149-169. (In Russ.)

Selezneva, A.V, & Shestopal, E.B. (Ed.) (2012). Chelovecheskii kapital rossiiskikh politicheskikh elit. Politiko-psikhologicheskii analiz [Human capital of Russian political elites. Political and psychological analysis]. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

Shestopal, E.B., & Selezneva, A.V. (Ed.) (2015). Sovremennaya elita Rossii: politiko-psikhologicheskii analiz [Modern elite of Russia: political and psychological analysis]. Moscow: ARGAMAK-MEDIA. (In Russ.)

Strelets, I.E. (2015). Leader personality and political environment: Marie Le Pen’s personological approach to political leadership. Personality in Space and Time, 5, 194-199. (In Russ.)

Tev, D.B. (2016). Federal administrative elite of Russia: career paths and channels of recruitment. Polis. Political Studies, 4, 115-130. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2016.04.10

Titova, L.G. (Ed.) (2021). Politicheskaya elita sovremennoi Rossii: problemy stanovleniya i razvitiya: kollektivnaya monografiya [The political elite of modern Russia: problems of formation and development: a collective monograph]. Yaroslavl: Yaroslavl State University. (In Russ.)

Vagina, V.V. (2020). Perception by Russian citizens of the Government of the Russian Federation D.A. Medvedev 2018-2020: political and psychological analysis. Social’nye i gumanitarnye znanija, 6(3), 218-229. (In Russ.) http://dx.doi.org/10.18255/2412-6519-2020-3-218-229

Voronkova, O.A., Sidorova, A.A., & Kryshtanovskaya, O.V. (2011). Russian establishment: ways and methods of renewal. Polis. Political Studies, 1, 66-79. (In Russ.) https://www.politstudies.ru/en/article/4375 

Content No. 4, 2022

See also:


Palitay I.S.,
The Young Generation of the Russian Political Elite: Status and Personal Characteristics. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No5

Selezneva A.V., Rogozar-Kolpakova I.I., Filistovich Ye.S., Trofimova V.V., Dobrynina Ye.P., Streletz I.E.,
Russian political elite: analysis from the perspective of the human capital concept. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No4

Shestopal Ye.B.,
Image of Authority in Russia: Desires and Reality (Politico-Psychological Analysis). – Polis. Political Studies. 1995. No4

Shestopal Ye.B., Novikova-Grund M.V.,
The Images of Twelve Leading Russian Politicians in the Perception of the Public (Psychological and linguistic Analysis).. – Polis. Political Studies. 1996. No5

Blinov V.V.,
Politico-Psychological Analysis of the Conservative Values in Contemporary Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2008. No5

 

   

Introducing an article



Polis. Political Studies
6 2007


Sanglibayev A.A.
Ethno-Clanship Relations on Post-Soviet Space

  Полный текст
 

Archive

   2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991