Collective memory formation in Peru through the lens of J.P. Feldman’s research
MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
elibrary_id: 1106679 | ORCID: 0000-0003-3073-1763 | RESEARCHER_ID: GPX-1923-2022
MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
elibrary_id: 435308 | ORCID: 0000-0002-9246-6339 | RESEARCHER_ID: G-8008-2016
Article received: 2022.07.21. Accepted: 2022.08.10
J.P. Feldman’s book “Memories before the State: Postwar Peru and the Place of Memory, Tolerance, and Social Inclusion” (Rutgers University Press, 2021) focuses on the process of establishing the Place of Memory, Tolerance and Social Inclusion (LUM) in Lima, Peru. On the basis of the author’s analytical materials, the article examines Feldman's non-trivial approach to the problem of the construction of collective memory. Particular attention is paid to the international component of commemorative work and its influence on domestic political processes accompanying commemorative initiatives. The analysis of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), to which Feldman pays considerable attention in his book, reveals the dynamics of the conceptualization of postmemory discourse. The authors conclude that the Peruvian case, which includes not only the Place of Memory, but also a number of other memorialization projects, allows us to trace such aspects of commemorative politicization as the reliance on human rights discourse, the involvement of NGOs and international actors in such projects, and the connection of the issues of commemoration and postmemory with identity politics.
Dietrich, M.-C. (2019). Pursuing the perpetual conflict: ethnographic reflections on the persistent role of the ‘terrorist threat’ in contemporary Peru. History and Memory, 31(1), 59-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.2979/histmemo.31.1.04
Drozdzewski, D., Waterton, E., & Sumartojo, S. (2019). Cultural memory and identity in the context of war: Experiential, place-based and political concerns. International Review of the Red Cross, 101(910), 251-272. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1816383119000110
de Waardt, M. (2013). Are Peruvian victims being mocked? Politicization of victimhood and victims’ motivations for reparations. Human Rights Quarterly, 35(4), 830-849. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24518036
Feldman, J. P. (2021). Memories before the State: Postwar Peru and the place of memory, tolerance, and social inclusion. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Heilman, J. (2018). Truth and reconciliation commission of Peru. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199366439.013.495
Hirsch, M. (2008). The generation of postmemory. Poetics Today, 29(1), 103-128. https://doi.org/10.1215/03335372-2007-019
McDowell, S. (2008). Heritage, memory and identity. In The Ashgate Research Companion to Heritage and Identity (pp. 37-53). Abingdon: Routledge.
Milton, C.E. (2014). Art from a fractured past: memory and truth-telling in post-shining path Peru. Durham: Duke University Press Books.
Milton, C.E. (2018). Conflicted memory: military cultural interventions and the human rights era in Peru. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Myers, A. (2021). Politicizing international human rights: the United States’ border apartheid policies and the universality of human rights. University of California Irvine Journal of International, Transnational, and Comparative Law, 6, 123-139. https://scholarship.law.uci.edu/ucijil/vol6/iss1/7
Root, R.K. (2009). Through the window of opportunity: the transitional justice network in Peru. Human Rights Quarterly, 31(2), 452-473. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20486759
Schoenefeld, J.J. (2021). Interest groups, NGOs or civil society organisations? The framing of non-state actors in the EU. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 32, 585-596. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-020-00283-w
Terman, R., & Byun, J. (2022). Punishment and politicization in the international human rights regime. American Political Science Review, 116(2), 385-402. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055421001167
Williams, P. (2007). Memorial museums: the global rush to commemorate atrocities. Oxford; New York, NY: Berg.
Willis, D. (2021). A politics of placelessness? The limits of democratising memory in the Centro de Documentacion e Investigacion of Lima’s Lugar de la Memoria. Memory Studies, 14(3), 663-674. https://doi.org/10.1177/17506980211010935
Zurn, M. (2019). Politicization compared: at national, European, and global levels. Journal of European Public Policy, 26(7), 977-995. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2019.1619188
Assmann, A. (2006). Der lange Schatten der Vergangenheit: Erinnerungskultur und Geschichtspolitik. (Russ. ed.: Assmann, A. Dlinnaya ten’ proshlogo: memorial’naya kul’tura i istoricheskaya politika. Moscow: New Literary Observer).
Assmann, J. (2004). Das kulturelle Gedachtnis: Schrift, Erinnerung und politische Identitat in fruhen Hochkulturen. (Russ. ed.: Assmann, J. Kul’turnaya pamyat’: pis’mo, pamyat’ o proshlom i politicheskaya identichnost’ v vysokikh kul’turakh drevnosti. Moscow: Languages of Slavic Culture).
Dabagyan, E. (2013). Peru: emerging regional giant. World Eсonomy and International Relations, 12, 56-65. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2013-12-56-65
Emel’yanova, T.P. (2019). Kollektivnaya pamyat’ o sobytiyakh Otechestvennoi istorii: sotsial’nopsikhologicheskii podkhod [Collective memory of the events of Russian history: a socio-psychological approach]. Moscow: Institute of Psychology RAS. (In Russ.)
Halbwachs, М. (2005) La memoire collective. (Russ. ed.: Halbwachs, М. Kollektivnaya i istoricheskaya pamyat’. Moscow: New Literary Observer).
Rusakov, V.M., & Rusakova, O.F. (2020). Infrastructure of the new national memory politics in the postsoviet space. To the statement of a problem. Scientific Journal “Discourse-P”, 2, 27-47. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24411/1817-9568-2020-10202
Rustamova, L.R. (2019). Human rights issues in dialogue among states. Pathways to Peace and Security, 1, 83-95. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.20542/2307-1494-2019-1-83-95
Sevastyanova, Ya.V., & Efremenko, D.V. (2020). Securitization of memory and dilemma of mnemonic security. Political Science (RU), 2, 66-86. (In Russ.) http://www.doi.org/10.31249/poln/2020.02.03
Sulzhytski, I.S. (2017). Formation and development of memory studies: the sociological project of M. Halbwachs. Journal of the Belarusian State University. Sociology, 4, 112-122. (In Russ.)
Human rights as subject of political science and as interdisciplinary conception. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6
Individual, group, collective and general rights under the conditions of multiculturalism. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6
The human rights political science and political rights in Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6
Human rights and tolerance. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6
Human Rights in World Politics: Modern Theoretical Models. – Polis. Political Studies. 2006. No4