The notion of “independence” in the official speeches of Central Asia presidents

The notion of “independence” in the official speeches of Central Asia presidents



Article received: 2022.07.07. Accepted: 2022.11.12


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2023.03.06
EDN: IVCKXX


For citation:

Alimdzhanov A.A. The notion of “independence” in the official speeches of Central Asia presidents. – Polis. Political Studies. 2023. No. 3. P. 70-85. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2023.03.06. EDN: IVCKXX



Abstract

“Independence”, being a philosophical category, acquires concretization in political science and political discourse when it is binded to the notion of “sovereignty”. Using the example of the post-Soviet countries of Central Asia, the author examines the dynamics of the change in the notion of “independence” and attempts to conceptualize it. The study considers the speeches of the presidents of the Central Asian republics on Independence Day. The purpose of these speeches is to “explain” the meaning of “independence” to the people. The speeches of the presidents are analyzed using qualitative content analysis taking into account the historical context. The working hypothesis is that the mobilization and integration potential of the notion of “independence” is leveled by the narrativization of the notion. In the article, the historical and legal starting point for the development of the notion of “independence” is 1) the Soviet understanding of “sovereignty” and the Constitution of the USSR. The dynamics of attempts to comprehend and conceptualize the notion 2) by the intelligentsia in perestroika times, 3) by the authors of the CIS in 1991, who radicalized the notion, and 4) the post-Soviet official “presidential” understanding and interpretation are examined step by step. The author comes to the conclusion that the notion of “independence” still needs to be conceptualized, since it has not gained a systematic understanding through existing narratives. The notion has not yet been defined by considering its essential features and its manifestations in the political life of the society of post-Soviet Central Asia (i.e., no ontologization of the term has been carried out). The causes and consequences of the events of 1991 were not articulated in society and by academics in Central Asia.

Keywords
independence, sovereignty, political discourse, narrative, mythologization, conceptualization, mobilization and integration potential of Central Asia.


References

Adams, L. (2008). Can we apply a postcolonial theory to Central Asia? Central Asian Studies Review, 7(1), 2-8.

Akchurina, V. (2019). the incomplete state: re-conceptualizing state and society relations in Central Asia. In Isaacs, R., & Frigerio, A. (Ed.), Theorizing Central Asian Politics. International Political Theory (pp. 263-283). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97355-5_12

Heathershow, J. (2010). Central Asian statehood in post-colonial perspective. Stable outside, fragile inside? In Post-Soviet Statehood in Central Asia. 1st ed. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.

Kojobekova, A. (2014). The discourses of romanticism and heroism in the post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 4(5), 397-404. https://doi.org/10.7763/IJSSH.2014.V4.386

Olcott, M.B. (1998). Central Asia: confronting independence. The James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy of Rice University.

 

Abashin, S.N. (2007). Natsionalizmy v Srednei Azii: v poiskakh identichnosti [Nationalisms in Central Asia: in search of identity]. Saint Petersburg: Aletheia. (In Russ.)

Abashin, S.N. (2009). Mustakillik and the memory of the imperial past: walking the halls of the Tashkent Museum of repression victims' memory. Neprikosnovennyi zapas, 4(66), 37-54.

Avtonomova, N.S. (2011). To the question of ghosts: Marx, Derrida and Others. Politico-Philosophical Yearbook, 4, 134-154. Moscow: Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. (In Russ.)

Baudrillard, J. (2015). Simulacres et simulation. (Russ. ed.: Baudrillard, J. Simulyakry i simulyatsiya. Moscow: Ripol-klassik).

Besedina, N.A. (2010). Methodological aspects of modern cognitive researches in linguistics. Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Filosofiya. Sotsiologiya. Pravo, 20(91), 31-37. (In Russ.)

Borisov, N. (2011). The institution of presidency in the Central Asian countries: personalization vs. institutionalization. Central Asia and the Caucasus, 14(4), 65-75. (In Russ.)

Bulavka-Buzgalina, L.A. (2015). The USSR is an unfinished project. Razvitie i ekonomika, 14, 108-121. (In Russ.)

Dadabaeva, G.R. (2017). Natsiestroitel'stvo v Tsentral'noi Azii: ot sovetskikh natsii k postsovetskim natsiyam-gosudarstvam [Nation-building in Central Asia: from Soviet nations to post-Soviet nation-states]. In Sovremennaya istoriya i geopolitika v Tsentral'noi Azii [Modern history and geopolitics in Central Asia] (pp. 44-45). Almaty: Қazaқ universiteti. (In Russ.)

Daudov, A.Kh., Alimdzhanov, B.A., Andreev, A.A., Shorokhov, V.A., & Yanchenko, D.G. (2018). The state policy of identity in Uzbekistan during the late Soviet period and the age of independence. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie, 5, 146-161. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150001481-9

Dzhanguzhin, R. (1993). Introduction. Zvezda Vostoka, 3, 3-4. (In Russ.)

Filyushkin, A.I. (2022). Why in the modern world the future is replaced by the past: Is history coming back? Journal of International Analytics, 13(3), 16-29. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.46272/2587-8476-2022-13-3-16-29

Intellectuals and Authority. (1992). Round table of “Polis” journal. Polis. Political Studies, 3, 72-85. (In Russ.)

Iskhakov, S.M. (2020). The Politburo’s policy in Central Asia (1982-1991). Istoricheskii vestnik, 32, 112-157. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.35549/HR.2020.2020.32.006

Kalashnikov, V.V., & Men'shikova, D.N. (Ed.). (2021). Rossiya v epokhu revolyutsii i reform. Demontazh SSSR: 1991 god [Russia in the age of revolutions and reforms. Dismantling the USSR: 1991]. Saint Petersburg: LETI. (In Russ.)

Kalinovsky, A.M. (2020). Conscripts of Socialism? The Tajik intelligentsia and Soviet-style decolonization. New Literary Observer, 1(161), 140-156. (In Russ.)

Khalipov, V.F., & Khalipova, E.V. (1996). Nezavisimost' politicheskaya [Political independence]. In Vlast'. Politika. Gosudarstvennaya sluzhba: Slovar' [Power. Politics. Public service: dictionary] (p. 74). Moscow: Luch. (In Russ.)

Khridochkin, A.V., & Makushev, P.V. (2017). Politicheskaya ideologiya [Political ideology]. In Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Slovar'-spravochnik [International law. Reference dictionary]. Moscow: Prometei. (In Russ.)

Kremnev, P.P. (2010). Mezhdunarodno-pravovye problemy, svyazannye s raspadom SSSR [International legal problems related to the collapse of the USSR]. Abstract of dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Law. Moscow: RUDN. (In Russ.)

Krotov, M.I. (2021). From the Belovezhskiye agreements to the Eurasian Economic Union: 30 years of experience. Eurasian integration: economics, law, politics, 15(3), 22-34. https://doi.org/10.22394/2073-2929-2021-03-22-34

Kubryakova, E.S., Dem'yankov, V.Z., Pankrats, Yu.G., & Luzina, L.G. (1996). Kratkii slovar' kognitivnykh terminov [A brief glossary of cognitive terms]. Moscow: MSU Publ. (In Russ.)

Maslov, E.S. (2015). Conception “meta-narrative” by Jean-François lyotard in the context of narratology. Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art. Issues of Theory and Practice, 2-2(52), 150-152. (In Russ.)

Pivovarov, Yu.S. (2007). The sources and the essence of the Russian Revolution. Polis. Political Studies, 5, 35-55. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2007.05.04

Pogorelyi, D.E., Fesenko, V.Yu., & Filippov, K.F. (Ed.). (2010). Mify politicheskie [Political myths]. In Noveishii politologicheskii slovar' [The newest dictionary of political science] (pp. 150-151). Rostov-na-Donu: Phoenix. (In Russ.)

Politologiya [Political science]. In Yu.Yu. Petrunin (Ed.), Slovar' po obshchestvoznaniyu [Social studies dictionary] (pp. 217-277). 3rd ed. Moscow: KDU. (In Russ.)

Ricœur, P. (2004). La mémoire, l’histoire, l’oubli. (Russ. ed.: Ricœur, P. Pamyat', istoriya, zabvenie. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo gumanitarnoi literatury).

Rtskhiladze, G., & Vekua, G. (2010). The post-Soviet expanse: ideological aspect of geopolitical expansion. Central Asia and the Caucasus, 13(2), 157-166. (In Russ.)

Salmin, A.M. (1992), A union after the Union. Problems of settling national and state relations in the former USSR. Polis. Political Studies, 1-2, 34. (In Russ.)

Scherbinin, A.I., & Scherbinina, N.G. (2010). Political construct victory in the context of phenomenon nostalgia for the Soviet. Tomsk State University Journal of Philosophy Sociology and Political Science, 3, 7-23. (In Russ.)

Shestov, N.I. (2005). Politicheskii mif teper' i prezhde [The political myth now and before]. Saratov: Izdatel'stvo Saratovskogo universiteta. (In Russ.)

Tzymbursky, V.L. (1993). Routes of liberalism in Russia. Polis. Political Studies, 1, 17-30. (In Russ.)

Vakhabov, M.G. (1961). Formirovanie uzbekskoi sotsialisticheskoi natsii [The formation of the Uzbek socialist nation]. Tashkent: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo Uzbekskoi SSR. (In Russ.) 

Content No. 3, 2023

See also:


Malinovskaya Ye.A.,
Orthodoxy in Central Asia. The Sources and the Modern Time. – Polis. Political Studies. 2008. No2

Shvetzova D.S.,
Political Risks in States of Central Asia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2008. No2

Tolipоv F.F.,
The War in Afghanistan and Geopolitical Transformation in Central and South Asia.. – Polis. Political Studies. 1998. No6

Zamyatin D.N.,
The Modelling of Geopolitical Situations (With Central Asia in the Second Half of the 19th Century as Example). – Polis. Political Studies. 1998. No2

Zamyatin D.N.,
The Modelling of Geopolitical Situations (With Central Asia in the Second Half of the 19th Century as Example) (II) .. – Polis. Political Studies. 1998. No3

 

   

Introducing an article



Polis. Political Studies
3 2023


Chebankova E.A.
New world order: restoration or moral revolution?

 The article text
 

Archive

   2024      2023      2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991