Theoretical and methodological aspects of the Western sanctions policy research

Theoretical and methodological aspects of the Western sanctions policy research

Entin M.L.,

MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia,

elibrary_id: 540593 | ORCID: 0000-0001-9562-8340 | RESEARCHER_ID: DVS-0499-2022

Entina E.G.,

HSE University, Moscow, Russia; Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia,

elibrary_id: 802154 | ORCID: 0000-0003-4198-4870 | RESEARCHER_ID: M-6192-2015

Davranova S.B.,

HSE University, Moscow, Russia,

RESEARCHER_ID: M-6192-2015

Nadzharov A.M.,

HSE University, Moscow, Russia,

ORCID: 0000-0003-4097-5606 |

Article received: 2023.10.04. Accepted: 2023.11.17

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2024.01.02

For citation:

Entin M.L., Entina E.G., Davranova S.B., Nadzharov A.M. Theoretical and methodological aspects of the Western sanctions policy research. – Polis. Political Studies. 2024. No. 1. P. 7-20. (In Russ.). EDN: LRCOGX

This article was prepared by A.M. Nadzharov and S.B. Davranova as part of the strategic project “Development of a multifunctional database эSanctionsRuBase+’ as a tool for analyzing and forecasting the sanctions policy against the Russian Federation. The “Sanctions in the making” database is part of the integrated development program of the Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Education “National Research University Higher School of Economics”.


The sanctions issue is one of the most urgent and acute topics on the international agenda. However, despite huge attention from the academic community, it is sluggishly inscribed in the broader theoretical layer of the science of international relations. In this study, an attempt is made to outline the theoretical and methodological framework for the study of the sanctions agenda from a new angle – from the point of view of the constructivist concept of “normative entrepreneurship”. The model proposed by the authors for understanding the promotion of the sanctions initiative in unfriendly countries consists of three fundamental elements: maintaining information noise on sanctions issues, feeding a constant discussion about the effectiveness of sanctions policy and lobbying for individual sanctions initiatives. The team of authors believes that their model, due to its institutional formation, can be extrapolated not only to Russia, but also to China, as well as other countries against which the United States, the EU and their partners are pursuing a sanctions policy.

constructivism, normative entrepreneurship, sanctions, epistemic communities, sanctions risk management.


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Content No. 1, 2024

See also:

Efremenko D.V.,
Democracy and Ecological Risk Communication as Problems of Environmental Politics. – Polis. Political Studies. 2006. No6

Ivanov V.M.,
Free Enterprise: Illusions and Facts. – Polis. Political Studies. 1995. No6

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Sorokin A.K.,
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Timofeev I.N.,
“Sanctions for Sanctions Violation”: U.S. Department of Treasury Enforcement Actions against Financial Sector. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No6



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